Defile • File
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Defile. To make ethically or ritually unclean.See Cleanness and Uncleanness, Regulations Concerning.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Defile; Defilement
Defile; Defilement [Heb. ṭāmē, ḥālal, gā’al, also gā‘al (2 S. 1:21), gō’el (Neh. 13:29), ‘ānâ (Ezk. 22:11), ṭum’â (44:26, emended from MT ṭoho); Gk. koinóō—‘make common,’ koinós (Mk. 7:2, 5), miaínō—‘stain,’ molýnō (1 Cor. 8:7; Rev. 14:4), molysmós (2 Cor. 7:1), miasmós (“defiling
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
DEFILE To make ethically or ritually unclean. See Cleanness and Uncleanness, Regulations Concerning.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DEFILE. In the OT this word is closely connected with the clean and the unclean (see Uncleanness) and the laws with regard thereto, as well as defilement of God’s temple (Lev 15:31; 20:3; Num 19:13; Ps 79:1; Ezk 5:11), and the land (Jer 2:7; 3:9; 16:18). In the NT ceremonial defilement is shown to be
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
DEFILE. The rendering of several Heb. and Gk. words, generally meaning uncleanness in a figurative or ceremonial sense. Many blemishes of person and conduct were, under the Mosaic law, considered defilements. Under the gospel moral defilement is specially emphasized (Matt. 15:18; etc.). See Uncleanness.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
DEFILE — to make unclean or impure. At least five types of defilement are mentioned in the Old Testament: (1) ceremonial (Lev. 15:19); (2) ethical (Ezek. 37:23); (3) physical (Song 5:3); (4) religious (Jer. 3:1); and (5) sexual (Lev. 15:24). The purpose of the Old Testament laws about defilement was
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DEFILE; DEFILEMENT<de-fil’>, <de-fil’-ment> (Anglo-Saxon, afylau, etc.; Middle English, defoulen, “make foul,” “pollute,” render (the King James Version) 9 Hebrew roots (the Revised Version (British and American) six): [גָּעַל‎, gàal], “defile”; [חָלַל‎, chalal], “defile” (from “untie, loosen,
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
De-fileʹ. Under the Mosaic law many blemishes of person and conduct were esteemed defilements, which rendered those upon whom they were found unclean, and which subjected them to many civil and religious disabilities (Mark 7:2). Some of these defilements were voluntary, others involuntary; some originated
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
defile. This English term has been used to render about a dozen biblical words, such as Hebrew ṭāmēʾ H3237 (e.g., Gen 34:5; cf. NIDOTTE, 1:365–76) and Greek miainō G3620 (e.g., Heb. 12:15; cf. NIDNTT, 1:447–49). In the OT five kinds of defilement are mentioned: physical (Cant. 5:3); sexual, either
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Defile, Defilement
DEFILE, dē̇-fīlʹ, DEFILEMENT, dē̇-fīlʹment (AS āfȳlau, etc; ME defoulen, “make foul,” “pollute,” render [AV] 9 Heb roots [RV six]: גָּעַל‎, gā‛al, “defile”; חָלַל‎, ḥālal, “defile” [from “untie, loosen, open,” i.e. “make common,” hence “profane”]; חָנֵף‎, ḥānēph, “incline away” [from right or
Key passages
Jdt 9:2

“O Lord, God of my father Simeon, who gave into his hand a sword for taking revenge on strangers; who opened the womb of a virgin to defilement, uncovered her thigh to disgrace, and polluted the womb to reproach her; for although you said such a thing ought not to happen, still they did it.

Sir 47:19–20

You lay your flanks at women, and you were brought into subjection by your body. You put disgrace in your honor, and you profaned your seed, making wrath come upon your children; and I was pierced at your folly—

1 Mac 1:54–55

And on the fifteenth day of Chislev, on the one hundred and forty-fifth year, they built an abomination of desolation on the altar, and in the cities around Judah, they built altars. And at the windows of their houses and in the streets, they burned incense.

1 Mac 1:62–63

And many in Israel were in suspense and determined among themselves not to eat what was common. And they chose to die so that they might not be defiled by the food and not profane the holy covenant, and they died.

2 Mac 5:15–16

But not being satisfied with these things, he dared to enter into the most holy temple of all the earth, having as a guide Menelaus, who had become a betrayer even of the laws and of his native land, and took the sanctuary vessels with polluted hands, and with profane hands swept up the things …