The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Deer (אַיָּל‎, ayyal; אַיָּלָה‎, ayyalah). An animal that is ceremonially clean and thus fit for eating (e.g., Deut 14:5). Deer often appear in Wisdom literature and Hebrew poetry (e.g., Psa 42:1), particularly as a symbol of beauty or virility (Prov 5:19; Song 2:9; 8:14). They were common in the ancient
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Deer. Hoofed, cud-chewing mammal, considered clean by the Law.See Animals.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Deer Cloven-hoofed ruminants distinguished by antlers rather than horns. Of the numerous members of the deer family (Cervidae), three species are known to have occupied Palestine in Bible times and later.The Heb. ’ayyāl occurs twenty-two times. In the AV and RSV it is translated “hart” (NEB “buck”)
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
DEER Hoofed, cud-chewing mammal, considered clean by the law. See Animals.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
deer. The most common deer in the Near East throughout the biblical period appears to have been the fallow deer, a fairly large animal (40 inches high) that traveled in large herds. Bones of two varieties of fallow deer (Cervus Dama dama and Cervus Dama mesopotamica) have been found for many time periods,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
DeerThree Hebrew words are commonly identified as deer: ʾayyāl, yaḥmûr, and ʿōp̱er. All three of these animals were suitable to eat; ʾayyāl and yaḥmûr were specifically designated as a clean food (Deut. 12:15; 14:5; 15:22).Historically four species of deer have inhabited Palestine—the red deer
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Deer. †A family of cloven-hoofed ruminants, three species of which were known in biblical times: the red deer (Cervus elaphus; Heb. ˒ayyāl; RSV, KJV “hart”), the fallow deer (Cervus dama mesopotamious; Heb. yaḥmûr; RSV “roebuck”), and the roe deer (Cervus capreolus; also Heb. ˒ayyāl).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Roe Roebuck
Roe, Roebuck. The Hebrew words thus translated denote some species of antelope, probably the Gazella arabica or Syria and Arabia. The gazelle was allowed as food, Deut. 12:15, 22, etc.; it is mentioned as very fleet of foot, 2 Sam. 2:18; 1 Chron. 12:8; it was hunted, Isa. 13:14; Prov. 6:5; it was celebrated
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DEER<der> ([אַיָּל‎, ’ayyal], feminine [אַיָּלָה‎, ’ayyalah], and [אַיֶּלֶת‎, ’ayyeleth] (compare Arabic, ’ayyal and ’iyal, “deer” and [אַיִל‎, ’ayil], “ram,” and Latin caper and capra, “goat,” caprea, capreolus, “wild goat,” “chamois,” or “roe deer”); [יַחְמוּר‎, yachmur] (compare Arabic, yachmur,
Compton’s Encyclopedia
deerMembers of the deer family are found throughout the Western Hemisphere, Europe, and Asia. They are not native to Australia nor to most of Africa. Included among the approximately three dozen species in the deer family are moose; elk (wapiti), or red deer; and reindeer, or caribou. The males of nearly
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Deer. Supposed by poets to shed tears. The drops, however, which fall from their eyes are not tears, but an oily secretion from the so-called tear-pits.“A poor sequestered stag …Did come to languish … and the big round tearsCoursed one another down his innocent noseIn piteous chase.”Shakespeare:
See also
Topics & Themes