The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Death Surveys viewpoints on death in the ancient Near East and the most relevant biblical accounts.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
DEATH. This entry consists of two articles covering the subject of death in the OT and in the NT.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Death. Cessation of life (physical death) or separation from God (spiritual death).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Death (substantives) [Heb. usually māweṯ, mûṯ]; [dām—‘blood’] (Ps. 30:9 [MT 10]; 94:21); AV BLOOD; [nep̱eš] (Ps. 109:31); AV “soul”; NEB “adversaries”; [bôr] (Prov. 28:17); AV THE PIT; NEB “well”; [māmôṯ] (Ezk. 28:8; cf. Jer. 16:4, “deadly”); [Gk. usually thánatos]; [hádēs] (Mt. 2:15; var
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
DEATH Cessation of life (physical death) or separation from God (spiritual death).Old Testament View In the OT death was accepted as the natural end of life. The goal of an Israelite was to live a long and full life, produce many descendants, and die in peace with the children and grandchildren gathered
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
death. Ancient Israel’s official response to mortality was, first, to accept it as God’s original design and, second, to forbid worship that was concerned with the dead (Lev. 19:28; 20:1–11). Neighboring cultures believed that the dead lived on in the underworld in a communicative state (Deut. 18:9–14),
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DEATH (Heb. māwet; Gr. thanatos). The cessation of natural or animal life; the state of having ceased to live; that separation, whether violent or otherwise, of the soul from the body whereby life as an organism is ended. So death has been variously defined as: “disunion of body and soul”—Tertullian;
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
DEATH. From one point of view death is the most natural of things: ‘man is destined to die once’ (Heb. 9:27). It may be accepted without rebellion: ‘Let me die the death of the righteous’ (Nu. 23:10). From another, it is most unnatural. It is the penalty for sin (Rom. 6:23), and is to be feared as such.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
DeathDeath at the most basic level means the cessation of life in a biological sense (Gen. 25:11; Eccl. 12:6). It is also used figuratively for the forces that detract from the quality of life (Prov. 8:35–36; 1 John 3:14). Death is sometimes personified (Job 28:22; Ps. 18:4–5 [MT 5–6]; 49:14 [15]; Jer.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Death (Heb. māweṯ, mûṯ; Gk. thánatos).† In its basic sense, the cessation of life on earth. In biblical times death was viewed as a historical event marking the end of a person’s existence (e.g., Gen. 25:11; cf. 27:2), the reality of which was final and complete (Eccl. 12:6). At death the
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Life and deathPaul uses the terms life and death in diverse contexts and with more than one referent. But broadly speaking, he sees life and death as opposed to one another, with life the gift from God and death the penalty of sin. Believers pass from the realm of death to life by dying with Christ.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
DEATH The separation of the soul from the body and the end of earthly life.As the Church teaches, a person is no longer able to sin after death, nor can one gain a higher place in heaven. By particular judgment, eternal salvation in heaven or eternal damnation in hell depends upon the condition of the
Key passages
Ge 2:15–17

And Yahweh God took the man and set him in the garden of Eden to cultivate it and to keep it. And Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, “From every tree of the garden you may freely eat, but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you …

Ge 3:19

By the sweat of your brow you shall eat bread, until your return to the ground. For from it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”

Is 40:6–8

A voice is saying, “Call!” And he said, “What shall I call?” All humankind are grass, and all his loyalty is like the flowers of the field. Grass withers; the flower withers when the breath of Yahweh blows on it. Surely the people are grass. Grass withers; the flower withers, but the …

Ro 5:12–21

Because of this, just as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death spread to all people because all sinned. For until the law, sin was in the world, but sin is not charged to one’s account when there …

1 Co 15:55–56

Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting? Now the sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law.

See also