A man who alerted David that two messengers were approaching.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
WATCHMAN Military or civil security person who had the responsibility to protect ancient towns or military installations from surprise attack or civil disasters (1 Sm 14:16; 2 Sm 18:24–27; 2 Kgs 9:17–20; Is 21:6–9). Watchmen also had the responsibility of announcing the dawning of a new day (Ps 130:6;
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
WATCHMAN, WATCH-TOWERS. Watchman is in Heb. ṣōp̱eh and šōmēr, in Gk. phylax and tērōn; watch-tower is in Heb. miṣpâ, Israelites observed miḡdāl and baḥan. Watch-towers were used for two different purposes in biblical times: (1) Towers were built from the earliest times (cf. Gn. 35:21) in
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Watchmanwatchman, a sentry stationed on a wall (2 Sam. 18:24; Song of Sol. 5:7) or in a watchtower (2 Chron. 20:24) whose task it was to warn of approaching danger (Ezek. 33:2–6; cf. Ps. 127:1). Watchmen also guarded the fields and vineyards, especially during harvest season (Isa. 5:2; cf. Job 27:18).
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Watch, Watchman“The God who sees me” (Gen 16:13 NIV) is the watchman over his people. His watching is not idle observation, but entails his active presence (Gen 28:15), provision of food and clothing (Gen 28:20; see Providence), deliverance from slavery (Ex 3:16), safe passage in the wilderness (Deut
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Watchʹman, one who watches against danger in order to ward it off (Isa. 21:11). In ancient times some watchmen walked the streets of cities by night (Song 5:7), others were placed in watch-towers on elevated spots (Isa. 21:5, 6), and others still were posted in towers over the gates of cities (2 Sam.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
WATCHMAN One who stands guard. Ancient cities had watchmen stationed on the walls. Their responsibility was to sound a warning if an enemy approached (2 Kings 9:17; Ezek. 33:2–3). Israel’s prophets saw themselves as watchmen warning the nation of God’s approaching judgment if the people did not repent.
Holman Treasury of Key Bible Words: 200 Greek and 200 Hebrew Words Defined and Explained
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 5, Q–Z
watch, watchman. For the use of the noun watch referring to the periods of time into which the day was divided, see day, hour, and night. As a verb, this word translates a variety of biblical terms, such as Hebrew ṣāpâ H7595, “to keep watch, look about, spy” (Gen. 31:49 et al.; often as a ptc. meaning
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
WATCHMAN, woch′man (צוֹפֶה, çōpheh, שֹׁמֵר, shōmēr, מְצַפֶּה, meçappeh, נֹצֵר, nōçēr): Used to designate a sentinel on the city walls (2 S 18:25; 2 K 9:18; Ps 127:1; Isa 62:6) or on the hilltops (Jer 31:6). Cant 3:3; 5:7 introduces another class, “the watchmen that go about the city,” and thus, it would