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David flees to Gath
David fled from Saul and went to Gath. He pretended to be insane.
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Mad; madness; madman
Mad; madness; madman[Heb pual and hithpael of šāg̱aʿ (Dt. 28:34; 1 S. 21:14 [MT 15]; 2 K. 9:11; Hos. 9:7; pual and hithpael part, 1 S. 21:15 [MT 16]; Jer. 29:26), šiggāʿôn (Dt. 28:28; Zec. 12:4), poel part and hithpoel of hālal (1 S. 21:13 [MT 14]; Eccl. 2:2; Jer. 50:38; 51:7), hôlēlôṯ (Eccl.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Madness
madness, a state of irrationality or temporary insanity. In biblical times, madness was generally attributed to some spirit or power that took over a person’s mind. Deut. 28:28 lists it among the curses that will come upon people who do not keep the covenant: “The Lord will afflict you with madness,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Madness
MADNESS. In addition to its common biblical usage for lunacy, the concept of madness had a variety of applications. It was frequently used of temporary conditions or acts to which one would hardly apply the term except in some colloquial sense, e.g., the practical joker of Prov 26:18; the fury of the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Madness
MadnessThe ancients depicted the supernatural origin, moral nature, and behaviors that characterized madness rather than its psychological makeup. In the OT madness is viewed as a punishment God sends on disobedient Israelites or the derangement with which he will inflict people on the Day of the Lord
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Madness
Madness. *In English usage, “madness” and related terms (“mad,” “madman”) designate a number of human conditions, most basic of which is unusual or bizarre behavior. This is represented in the biblical accounts primarily by Heb. šāg̱a˓, šiggā˓ôn; Gk. maínomai, manía. Ecstatic prophecy is
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Madness
Madness. In Scripture “madness” is recognized as a derangement proceeding either from weakness and misdirection of intellect or from ungovernable violence of passion. In one passage alone, John 10:20, is madness expressly connected with demoniacal possession by the Jews in their cavil against our Lord;
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Madness
MADNESS. Besides its proper meaning of mania (see Diseases), madness, along with various other words of similar import, is used in Scripture of a violent disturbance of the mental faculties: (1) from overstudy (Acts 26:24–25); (2) from sudden and startling intelligence (12:15); (3) of false prophets
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Madness
MadnessThis word is used in its proper sense in Deut. 28:34, John 10:20, 1 Cor. 14:23. It also denotes a reckless state of mind arising from various causes, as over-study (Eccl. 1:17; 2:12), blind rage (Luke 6:11), or a depraved temper (Eccl. 7:25; 9:3; 2 Pet. 2:16). David feigned madness (1 Sam. 21:13)
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Madness
Madnessmadness, a state of irrationality. In biblical times it was generally attributed to some other spirit or power taking over a person’s mind. Saul is the primary example of someone afflicted with madness in the ot. When God’s spirit left King Saul to rest on David, Saul was invaded by an ‘evil
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Madness
MadnessThe modern psychological understanding of madness simply did not exist in biblical times. There are, however, examples of irrational and insane behavior. Those suffering such affliction were universally feared and shunned because it was assumed that they had had some contact with deity or the
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
Madness
MADNESS.—It is somewhat remarkable that the OT ideas about madness should differ so much from those of the Gospels. In the OT madness is due to the influence of a spirit from God (1 S 16:14, 18:10), in the Gospels to a demon; in the OT it is conceived of as being closely connected with the ‘spirit of
Key passages
1 Sa 21:10–15

So David got up and fled on that day from the presence of Saul, and he came to Achish the king of Gath. The servants of Achish said to him, “Is not this David the king of the land? Is it not for this one that they sang in the dances, saying, ‘Saul killed his thousands, …

See also
Participants
Setting
Important Things
Topics & Themes