David and Jonathan become friends
David and Jonathan became friends, and Jonathan gave David his robe, armor and weapons.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Friend [Heb ʾōhēḇ, ʾallup̱, meyuddāʿ, mōdāʿ (Prov. 7:4), mērēʿ, rē (a)ʿ, rēʿeh, rēʿâ, rōʿeh, ʾîš šālôm, šōlēm, meṯê sôḏ (“intimate friends,” Job 19:19), yakkîr (“they are friends,” Job 24:17), ʾĕnôš šelômî (“my familiar friends,” Jer. 20:10), ʾanšê šelōmekā
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
FRIENDS Term used to indicate close acquaintances. Since Jesus called his disciples friends (Lk 12:4; Jn 15:14–15), it would have been natural for Christians to refer to themselves as “the friends of Christ,” especially since such terminology was used for members of philosophical groups in the Greek
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Friend, Friendship
FRIEND, FRIENDSHIP. Two OT words, Heb. rēa‘ (and its derivatives), “friend”, “neighbor”, “companion”; and ’ōhēb (participle of ’āhab, “to love”), “lover,” “beloved friend”; and two NT words, Gr. hetairos, “comrade,” “neighbor,” “friend”; and philos, “beloved friend”, refer to comrades and close friends.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
FriendIn biblical usage, a term covering a broad spectrum of relationships, from the intimate to the remote. The OT captures the sense of these relationships in the substantives drawn basically from the roots ʾhb and rʿh. In the LXX and NT the usual word is Gk. phɩ́los, and occasionally hetaɩ́ros. The
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Friend (Heb. rēa˓, rō˓eh, ˒ōhēḇ; Gk. phílos).† A person with whom one shares affection and commitment; a companion or neighbor. Semantically, the term ranges from a casual acquaintance (e.g., Matt. 5:25; 20:13; cf. Job 2:11) to one who shares an intimate personal bond (e.g., 2 Sam. 15:37;
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
FRIEND. A person with whom one has friendly communications (Gen. 38:12, 20; 2 Sam. 13:3; Job 2:11; 19:21; etc.); also a lover, one beloved of a woman (song of Sol. 5:16; Jer. 3:1, 20, NASB, KJV, and NIV, “lovers”); and in Judg. 14:20 it is used in the sense of “the friend of the bridegroom” (John 3:29),
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
FRIEND - a person whom one loves and trusts; close companion or comrade (Gen. 38:12). Perhaps the most famous friendship in the Bible was that of David and Jonathan (1 Sam. 18:1-4). Abraham was called God’s friend (2 Chr. 20:7), and God spoke to Moses "face to face, as a man speaks to his friend" (Ex.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FRIEND; FRIENDSHIP<frend>, <frend’-ship>: In the Old Testament two words, variously translated “friend” or “companion”: [רֵעֶה‎, rèeh], indicating a mere associate, passing friend, neighbor, or companion; [אָהַב‎, ’ahabh], indicating affection natural or unnatural. In the New Testament also two words:
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Bosom Friend
Bosom Friend (A). A very dear friend. Nathan says, “It lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.” (2 Sam. 12:3.) Bosom friend, amie du cœur. St. John is represented in the New Testament as the “bosom friend” of Jesus.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Friend, Friendship
FRIEND, FRIENDSHIP Close trusting relationship between two people. Nowhere does the Bible present a concise definition of “friend” or “friendship.” Instead, both the OT and NT present friendship in its different facets.Two Hebrew root words, rʿh and ʾhb, are used to describe friendship. Rʿh denotes
Holman Treasury of Key Bible Words: 200 Greek and 200 Hebrew Words Defined and Explained
FriendHebrew expression: reaʿPronunciation: RAY ahStrong’s Number: 7453Key Verses2 Samuel 16:17; Job 16:21; Proverbs 17:17; 18:24; 19:4, 6; 22:11“There is a friend who sticks closer than a brother” is a proverb that shows that the natural ties of people can be superseded and surpassed by ties
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Friend, Friendship
friend, friendship. Besides references to friendship in various forms, such as hospitality, the term friend occurs frequently in the Bible. Although the word can be used as a simple term of familiar, kindly address (Gk. hetairos G2279, Matt. 20:13; 22:12), it usually means a well-disposed acquaintance,
Key passages
1 Sa 18:1–4

When he finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan became attached to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. Saul took him on that very day and did not allow him to return to his father’s house. Then Jonathan made a covenant …

See also
Important Things
Topics & Themes