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Darkness
Blackout • Dark • Final Darkness • Light and Darkness
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Darkness
Darkness. Absence of light or brightness. Although the Bible seldom refers to literal darkness, a number of words translated “darkness” are used in a figurative or metaphorical sense.When God created the world, there was no light until he commanded that light appear. He then made a distinction between
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Dark; Darkness
Dark; Darkness [Heb. ḥōšeḵ (vb. ḥāšaḵ), maḥšāḵ (“dark place” in Ps. 74:20), ašēḵâ, ’ōp̱el, ap̱e̱lâ, ma’ap̱ēl (Josh. 24:7), ma’pēlyâ (Jer. 2:31), arāp̱el (“thick [deep] darkness”), ṣalmāweṯ (“deep darkness”), alātâ (Gen. 15:17; Ezk. 12:6f, 12), ‘êp̱â (Am. 4:13;
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Darkness
DARKNESS Absence of light or brightness. Although the Bible seldom refers to literal darkness, a number of words translated “darkness” are used in a figurative or metaphorical sense.When God created the world, there was no light until he commanded that light appear. He then made distinction between
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Darkness
darkness, the absence of light. According to Genesis, God created light and separated the light from the darkness, calling the light “day” and the darkness “night” (Gen. 1:3–5). In the Bible, darkness often represents destruction, death, or the underworld (Isa. 5:30; 47:5; Ps. 143:3; Job 17:13; cf. Mark
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Darkness
DARKNESS. This is expressed by 11 Heb. words, the most common of which is hōshek and several forms of ˒ōpel; and in Gr. by skotia, skotos, “darkness,” and zophos, “gloom” or “blackness.”Physical darkness. This is particularly mentioned on four occasions in the Bible.1. At the time of creation when
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Darkness
DarknessThe absence of light, a frequent image in both the OT and NT; the NT’s usage is highly influenced by the OT. Darkness was present at the beginning, and God’s power worked against it in creation (Gen. 1). Darkness is subsequently a master image for chaos, separation, and death, and a synonym
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Darkness
Darkness. The absence of light. Often used figuratively in contrast to light in Scripture.
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Light and Darkness
Light and DarknessIn Jewish thought “light” (Heb ‘ôr; Gk phōs) is not merely a philosophical term or a poetical term but rather it “becomes a fundamental religious reality” (Spicq, 3:474–75). In the beginning God created light (Gen 1:3), and it was deemed “good” (Gen 1:4). Light provides understanding
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Darkness
Darkness is spoken of as encompassing the actual presence of God, as that out of which he speaks—the envelope, as it were, of divine glory. Ex. 20:21; 1 Kings 8:12. The plague of darkness in Egypt was miraculous. The darkness “over all the land,” Matt. 27:45, attending the crucifixion has been attributed
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Darkness
DARKNESS (Heb. ḥōshek, “the dark”; Gk. skotos). In the physical sense, darkness is specially noticed, on three occasions, in the Scriptures:1. At the period of creation, when darkness, it is said, “was over the surface of the deep,” the dispelling of which by the introduction of light was the commencement
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Darkness
DarknessThe plague (the ninth) of darkness in Egypt (Ex. 10:21) is described as darkness “which may be felt.” It covered “all the land of Egypt,” so that “they saw not one another.” It did not extend to the land of Goshen (ver. 23).When Jesus hung upon the cross (Matt. 27:45; Luke 23:44), from the
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Darkness
Darknessdarkness, quality regarded as less valuable than light (Eccles. 2:13). Imagery based on darkness is especially prominent in the poetic books where it represents destruction, death, and the underworld (Isa. 5:30; 47:5; Ps. 143:3; Job 17:13; cf. Mark 15:33) in a manner similar to that known in
Key passages
Ge 1:2–5

Now the earth was formless and empty, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the waters. And God said, “Let there be light!” And there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good, and God caused there to be a separation between …

Is 9:2

The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; light has shined on those who lived in a land of darkness.

Mt 27:45

Now from the sixth hour, darkness came over all the land until the ninth hour.

Jn 1:4–5

In him was life, and the life was the light of humanity. And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it.

See also
Topics & Themes
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