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Darius III
A king of the Medes and Persians who was defeated by Alexander the Great.
Dictionaries
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Darius (Person)
DARIUS (PERSON) [Heb dārĕyāweš (דָּרְיָוֶשׁ)]. The first Achaemenid king of this name, usually called the Great. He ascended the throne in clouded and complicated circumstances in 521 b.c. Son of Vishtaspa, Satrap of Parthia, he belonged to a collateral branch of the Achaemenid family and claimed
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Darius
Darius. Name of three emperors in the Persian dynasty of the legendary King Achaemenes. A Darius appears in the biblical books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, and Zechariah as a Persian king, and in the Book of Daniel as a Mede “who became king over the realm of the Chaldeans” (Dn 9:1).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Darius
Darius də-rīʹəs [Heb. and Aram dāreyāweš; Old Pers. darayavahuš]. The name of three rulers mentioned in the OT.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Darius
DARIUS Name of three emperors in the Persian dynasty of the legendary King Achaemenes. A Darius appears in the biblical books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, and Zechariah as a Persian king, and in the book of Daniel as a Mede who became king over the Chaldeans (Dn 9:1).Darius I (521–486 bc) Also known as
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Darius
Darius (duh-ri´uhs).1 Darius I (the Great, 522–486 bce), the first of three Persian (Achaemenid) rulers. This Darius is intended in Ezra 4–6, Haggai, and Zech. 1–8. He established himself on the throne in a power struggle in the years 522–520 bce. The account of this struggle appears on the trilingual
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Darius
DARIUS (Heb. Dāreyāweš; Akkad. Elamite, Dariawuš; Old Persian, Darayavauš; Gk. Dareios).1. Darius the Mede, the son of Ahasuerus (Xerxes; Dn. 9:1), received the government on the death of Belshazzar (5:30–31), being made king of the Chaldeans (9:1) at the age of 62 (5:31). He bore the title of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Darius
Darius (Heb. dārĕyāweš; O. Pers. darayavahuš)1. Darius I, king of Persia 522–486 b.c.e. Darius, of uncertain lineage, came to the throne of Persia through suspect circumstances. His famed Behistun inscription claims a pretender attempted to take the throne from Cambyses, the son of Cyrus the Great,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Darius
Darius [də rīˊəs] (Heb., Aram. dāreyāweš; O. Pers. darayava[h]uš “he who upholds the good”).† The name of a number of Persian rulers.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Darius
DARIUS The name of three kings of Persia: Darius I Hystaspes, the Great (r. 522–486 b.c.), Darius II Nothos (r. 423–404 b.c.), and Darius III Codomannus (r. 336–330 b.c.). Only the first of these is mentioned in the Bible (but see also Darius the Mede).Darius I came to the throne in 522 b.c. Once secure
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Darius
Dari´us (lord), the name of several kings of Media and Persia.1. Darius the Mede, Dan. 6:1; 11:1, “the son of Ahasuerus,” Dan. 9:1, who succeeded to the Babylonian kingdom on the death of Belshazzar, being then sixty-two years old. Dan. 5:31; 9:1. (b.c. 538.) Only one year of his reign is mentioned,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Darius, the King of Persia
DARI´US, THE KING OF PERSIA (da-rīʹus; Darius Hystaspes in KJV; 521–486 b.c.; Ezra 4:5, 24; 5:5–7; 6:1, 12, 15; Hag. 1:1; 2:10; Zech. 1:1, 7; 7:1). The restorer of the Persian Empire founded by Cyrus the Great (see Cyrus). Cyrus was succeeded in 529 b.c. by his son Cambyses, who added first Phoenicia
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Darius
Dariusthe holder or supporter, the name of several Persian kings. (1.) Darius the Mede (Dan. 11:1), “the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes” (9:1). On the death of Belshazzar the Chaldean he “received the kingdom” of Babylon as viceroy from Cyrus. During his brief reign (538–536) Daniel was
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