Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
(Hebrew דָּרְיָוֶשׁ, doryawesh; Greek Δαρεῖος, Dareios). King of Persia 522–486 bc, famous for consolidating the administration of the Persian Empire and launching the Graeco—Persian Wars.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
DARIUS (PERSON) [Heb dārĕyāweš (דָּרְיָוֶשׁ)]. The first Achaemenid king of this name, usually called the Great. He ascended the throne in clouded and complicated circumstances in 521 b.c. Son of Vishtaspa, Satrap of Parthia, he belonged to a collateral branch of the Achaemenid family and claimed
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
2. Darius I Hystaspes (521–486 b.c.), the Great. Darius’ autobiography, the text of which is carved in the rock at Behistun and known also to the Greek historian Herodotus (iii.30f, 61ff), told the story of his rise to power thus: while Cambyses, son and successor of Cyrus the Great, was conquering Egypt,
Darius də-rīʹəs [Heb. and Aram dāreyāweš; Old Pers. darayavahuš]. The name of three rulers mentioned in the OT.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
DARIUS Name of three emperors in the Persian dynasty of the legendary King Achaemenes. A Darius appears in the biblical books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, and Zechariah as a Persian king, and in the book of Daniel as a Mede who became king over the Chaldeans (Dn 9:1).Darius I (521–486 bc) Also known as
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Darius (duh-ri´uhs).1 Darius I (the Great, 522–486 bce), the first of three Persian (Achaemenid) rulers. This Darius is intended in Ezra 4–6, Haggai, and Zech. 1–8. He established himself on the throne in a power struggle in the years 522–520 bce. The account of this struggle appears on the trilingual
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Darius (I) Hystaspes
Darius a hunting lions. ORINSTDARIUS (I) HYSTASPES. The name in Persian was Darayavaush; in Babylonian, Da-ri-ya-mus̆; in Gr., Dareios. He is also known as Darius the Great.Darius was a descendant through his father Hystaspes of Ariaramnes, a descendant of Hakhmanish (Achaemenae) the ancestor of
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Darius (Heb. dārĕyāweš; O. Pers. darayavahuš)1. Darius I, king of Persia 522–486 b.c.e. Darius, of uncertain lineage, came to the throne of Persia through suspect circumstances. His famed Behistun inscription claims a pretender attempted to take the throne from Cambyses, the son of Cyrus the Great,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Darius [də rīˊəs] (Heb., Aram. dāreyāweš; O. Pers. darayava[h]uš “he who upholds the good”).† The name of a number of Persian rulers.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
DARIUS The name of three kings of Persia: Darius I Hystaspes, the Great (r. 522–486 b.c.), Darius II Nothos (r. 423–404 b.c.), and Darius III Codomannus (r. 336–330 b.c.). Only the first of these is mentioned in the Bible (but see also Darius the Mede).Darius I came to the throne in 522 b.c. Once secure
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Dari´us (lord), the name of several kings of Media and Persia.1. Darius the Mede, Dan. 6:1; 11:1, “the son of Ahasuerus,” Dan. 9:1, who succeeded to the Babylonian kingdom on the death of Belshazzar, being then sixty-two years old. Dan. 5:31; 9:1. (b.c. 538.) Only one year of his reign is mentioned,