Darius (grandnephew of Artaxerxes III)
Darius III Codomannus
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Darius (Heb. dārĕyāweš; O. Pers. darayavahuš)1. Darius I, king of Persia 522–486 b.c.e. Darius, of uncertain lineage, came to the throne of Persia through suspect circumstances. His famed Behistun inscription claims a pretender attempted to take the throne from Cambyses, the son of Cyrus the Great,
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Darius [duh--us] (דריוש, from the Old Persian därayava(h)uš, “He Who Upholds the Good”): (1) Darius I the Great, king of Persia 522–486 bce; father of Xerxes I whom the Bible calls Ahasuerus (Ezra 4:5) (2) Darius the Mede; according to Daniel, the Persian who overthrew Babylon and released the exiles;
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
DARIUS duh-ri´uhs [דָּרְיָוֶשׁdareyawesh]. Old Persian name used by kings of the Achaemenid Empire, meaning “He who holds firm the good.” 1. Darius I, the Great or the Conqueror (522–486 bce). Darius became the legitimate king in 522 bce when he assassinated the conspirator, Gaumata, who was pretending