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Darius (Persian)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A king of Persia mentioned in Neh 12:22.It is unclear which Persian king named Darius is intended. Possibilities include Darius the Great (r. 522–486 bc), Darius II Nothus (r. 424–404 bc), or, if a later date is accepted, Darius III Codomanus (r. ca. 336–330 bc). However, the Elephantine papyri mentions a high priest named Johanan (ANET, 492); if this is the same Johanan mentioned in Neh 12:22–23, then his high priesthood can be dated to the last decade of the fifth century bc, which would identify Darius II Nothus as “Darius the Persian.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Darius the Persian
Darius the Persian (דָּרְיָוֶשׁ‎, doryawesh). A king of Persia mentioned in Neh 12:22.It is unclear which Persian king named Darius is intended. Possibilities include Darius the Great (r. 522–486 bc), Darius II Nothus (r. 424–404 bc), or, if a later date is accepted, Darius III Codomanus (r. ca. 336–330
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Darius (Person)
DARIUS (PERSON) [Heb dārĕyāweš (דָּרְיָוֶשׁ)]. The first Achaemenid king of this name, usually called the Great. He ascended the throne in clouded and complicated circumstances in 521 b.c. Son of Vishtaspa, Satrap of Parthia, he belonged to a collateral branch of the Achaemenid family and claimed
Darius the Mede (Person)
DARIUS THE MEDE (PERSON) [Aram dārĕyāweš mādāyāʾ (דָּרְיָוֶשׁ מָדָיָא)]. The Median Darius was a 62-year-old man who, as predicted by Daniel, gained control over the Chaldean kingdom immediately following the death of Belshazzar (Dan 5:28–6:2). His first action as king was to set 120 satraps over
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Darius
Darius. Name of three emperors in the Persian dynasty of the legendary King Achaemenes. A Darius appears in the biblical books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, and Zechariah as a Persian king, and in the Book of Daniel as a Mede “who became king over the realm of the Chaldeans” (Dn 9:1).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Darius (Persian)
3. Darius “the Persian.” A king of this name is mentioned in Neh. 12:22, in a chapter that contains a collection of lists of priests and Levites from various periods in postexilic times. If the reign of Darius is intended to be contemporaneous with the high-priesthood of the last-mentioned priest, Jaddua,
Darius
Darius də-rīʹəs [Heb. and Aram dāreyāweš; Old Pers. darayavahuš]. The name of three rulers mentioned in the OT.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Darius
DARIUS Name of three emperors in the Persian dynasty of the legendary King Achaemenes. A Darius appears in the biblical books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, and Zechariah as a Persian king, and in the book of Daniel as a Mede who became king over the Chaldeans (Dn 9:1).Darius I (521–486 bc) Also known as
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Darius
Darius (duh-ri´uhs).1 Darius I (the Great, 522–486 bce), the first of three Persian (Achaemenid) rulers. This Darius is intended in Ezra 4–6, Haggai, and Zech. 1–8. He established himself on the throne in a power struggle in the years 522–520 bce. The account of this struggle appears on the trilingual
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Darius the Persian
DARIUS THE PERSIANMentioned once in the OT in Neh 12:22. He was either Nothus, Darius II (423–404 b.c.) or Codomannus, Darius III (336–331 b.c.). Darius II authorized the keeping of the Passover by the Jews at Elephantine in Egypt (ANET, p. 491). Darius III was the king whose empire Alexander the Great
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Darius
DARIUS (Heb. Dāreyāweš; Akkad. Elamite, Dariawuš; Old Persian, Darayavauš; Gk. Dareios).1. Darius the Mede, the son of Ahasuerus (Xerxes; Dn. 9:1), received the government on the death of Belshazzar (5:30–31), being made king of the Chaldeans (9:1) at the age of 62 (5:31). He bore the title of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Darius
Darius (Heb. dārĕyāweš; O. Pers. darayavahuš)1. Darius I, king of Persia 522–486 b.c.e. Darius, of uncertain lineage, came to the throne of Persia through suspect circumstances. His famed Behistun inscription claims a pretender attempted to take the throne from Cambyses, the son of Cyrus the Great,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Darius
Darius [də rīˊəs] (Heb., Aram. dāreyāweš; O. Pers. darayava[h]uš “he who upholds the good”).† The name of a number of Persian rulers.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Darius
DARIUS The name of three kings of Persia: Darius I Hystaspes, the Great (r. 522–486 b.c.), Darius II Nothos (r. 423–404 b.c.), and Darius III Codomannus (r. 336–330 b.c.). Only the first of these is mentioned in the Bible (but see also Darius the Mede).Darius I came to the throne in 522 b.c. Once secure
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Darius
Dari´us (lord), the name of several kings of Media and Persia.1. Darius the Mede, Dan. 6:1; 11:1, “the son of Ahasuerus,” Dan. 9:1, who succeeded to the Babylonian kingdom on the death of Belshazzar, being then sixty-two years old. Dan. 5:31; 9:1. (b.c. 538.) Only one year of his reign is mentioned,
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