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Damascus Rule
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Damascus Document (CD). A nonbiblical, sectarian document found in the storeroom of the Qara’ite synagogue in Old Cairo (CD A; CD B), fragments of which are also contained in the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q266–273; 5Q12; 6Q15). This Hebrew document provides information on the diversity within Second Temple Judaism and the Qumran community.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Damascus Document
Damascus Document Damascus Document (CD). A nonbiblical, sectarian document found in the storeroom of the Qara’ite synagogue in Old Cairo (CD A; CD B), fragments of which are also contained in the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q266–273; 5Q12; 6Q15). This Hebrew document provides information on the diversity within
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Damascus Rule (CD)
DAMASCUS RULE (CD). The “Damascus Rule (CD)” document was first discovered in the genizah (storeroom) of the Qara’ite synagogue in Old Cairo by S. Schechter, who brought it to the University Library, Cambridge, where it remains. First published as “Fragments of a Zadokite Work” (Schechter 1910) because
Zadokite Fragments (Damascus Document)
ZADOKITE FRAGMENTS (DAMASCUS DOCUMENT). First discovered in two medieval manuscripts from the Cairo genizah by Solomon Schechter in 1886, this sectarian text, abbreviated CD, was later found in several manuscripts at Qumran. It is now considered to be part of the sectarian literature of the Dead Sea
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Damascus, Covenant of
Damascus, Covenant of A common designation of the sectarian Jewish community that produced documents the remains of which are usually called the “Zadokite Fragments.” Although commonly associated with the Essenes at the time of Christ, they display significant differences from that sect, e.g., a literal
Zadokite Fragments
Zadokite Fragments zāʹdə-kīt. Two copies of a Hebrew document (or documents) discovered in the Genizah (a storage place for Scriptures that were no longer usable but too sacred to destroy) of the Ibn Ezra Synagogue in Old Cairo in 1896–97 and taken to the library at Cambridge University. Solomon Schechter
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Damascus Document
Damascus Document (CD)A sectarian text preserved in two medieval manuscripts, discovered in the geniza of the Ben Ezra synagogue in Cairo by Solomon Schechter in 1896. Several fragmentary copies were later found at Qumran, indicating the text originated in the 1st or 2nd century b.c.e.Because the text
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Zadokite Fragments
ZADOKITE [zāˊdə kīt] FRAGMENTS.* A title given to an ancient Hebrew sectarian manual first known through two medieval copies discovered in the Cairo Genizah in 1897. The document was edited and published in 1910 by S. Schechter, who linked the document to the Dositheans, a group related to the Sadducees,
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Damascus Document
DAMASCUS DOCUMENT (CD AND QD)The Damascus Document is one of the Dead Sea Scrolls containing an admonition and a series of laws. The “C” in the abbreviation CD stands for Cairo, where the first copies of the text were found in the genizah of the Quaraite Ezra Synagogue in 1896. The community that produced
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 5, Q–Z
Zadokite Fragments
Zadokite Fragments zay’duh-kit. Name given to two fragmentary medieval mss discovered in the Cairo Genizah at the end of the 19th cent. and containing an ancient Jewish sectarian treatise. Several copies of the same document were subsequently discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls (esp. 4Q266). The text
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
DAMASCUS DOCUMENT
DAMASCUS DOCUMENT duh-mas´kuhs. Early Jewish Hebrew work of which both ancient and medieval copies survive. Two medieval copies of the Damascus Document (CD) were discovered in the Cairo Genizah at the end of the 19th cent. Manuscript A (CD 1–16) contains sixteen pages and dates from the 10th cent. ce.