Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also known as “Cyrus the Great,” king of Persia, circa 559–529 bc. Cyrus became lord of Judah when he conquered Babylon—which had been ruling Judah—in 539 bc.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
CYRUS (PERSON) [Heb kōreš (כֹּרֶשׁ)]. A great conqueror and statesman, Cyrus II was the founder of the Achaemenid empire. He was born ca. 590/589 b.c., most probably in Parsa, the modern Iranian province of Fars, but we know nothing historical about his early life (the stories of his childhood related
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great. Persian king (559–530 bc) who founded the Achaemenid dynasty and the Persian empire. Cyrus (II) was the son of Cambyses I (600–559 bc), who ruled the unified territories of Parshumash-anshan and Parsa. Cyrus’ mother was Mandane, daughter of the Median king Astyages (585?–550 bc). The
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Cyrus the Great
CYRUS THE GREAT* Persian king (559–530 bc) who founded the Achaemenid dynasty and the Persian Empire. Cyrus (II) was the son of Cambyses I (600–599 bc), who ruled the unified territories of Parshumashanshan and Parsa. Cyrus’s mother was Mandane, daughter of the Median king Astyages (585?–550 bc). The
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cyrus (si´ruhs) II, a Persian emperor and founder of the Achaemenid dynasty (ruled Babylonia 539–530 bce). His name occurs twenty-two times in the Bible, in the books of Daniel, Ezra, 1 and 2 Chronicles, and Isaiah. Extrabiblical evidence comes from the classical Greek authors Herodotus and Xenophon
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Tomb of Cyrus. ORINSTCYRUS. Son of the earlier Cambyses, of the royal race of the Achaemenians, and the founder of the Persian Empire. Isaiah prophesied of him as anointed of God to conquer kings and fortified places and to set the Jews free from captivity (Isa 44:28; 45:1–14). Under his liberal policies
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
CYRUS (Heb./Aram. kôreš; Elam/Old Persian kūruš; Bab. kuraš). Persian king of the Achaemenid dynasty. Cyrus may have been an early dynastic name. Cyrus I was a contemporary of Ashurbanipal of Assyria, c. 668 bc, and therefore possibly known to Isaiah, who foresaw the restoration of the Jerusalem
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cyrus (Heb. kôreš; O. Pers. kuruš)Cyrus II, king of Persia 558–530 b.c.e. Though ancient sources relate varying stories regarding Cyrus’ lineage and ascent to power, it appears most likely that he was the son of a monarch who ruled nomadic tribal groups centered in the region of Pasargadae. A client-king
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Cyrus [sīˊrəs] (Heb., Aram. kōreš; O.Pers. Kuruš). † The founder of the Achaemenid dynasty and the Persian Empire; called Cyrus II the Great, to distinguish him from his grandfather Cyrus I (ca. 668 B.C.) and Cyrus the Younger (431–401).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Cyrus the Great
CYRUS THE GREAT (Persian kurash, “shepherd”) Founder of the Persian Empire (see Persia) and ruler from 559 to 529 b.c. The son of Cambyses (600–559 b.c.), he inherited the throne of Anshan, which was then a vassal of the more powerful Medes, in 559 b.c. He immediately sought to free himself of the domination
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Cy´rus (the sun), the founder of the Persian empire—see 2 Chron. 36:22, 23; Dan. 6:28; 10:1, 13—was, according to the common legend, the son of Cambyses, a Persian of the royal family of the Achæmenidæ. When he grew up to manhood his courage and genius placed him at the head of the Persians. His conquests