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Cyrene
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
City established in North Africa by Greek settlers from the Aegean island of Thera around 630 bc (Herodotus, History, 4; Strabo, Geography, 17). The ancient city was named after a nearby spring along the southern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, near the modern village of Shahhat in Libya (McEvedy, Cities, 112).Cyrene was famous for grain, wool, horse breeding, and the rare silphium herb—prized for its medicinal qualities. Silphium emblazoned many Cyrenian coins and reportedly was worth its weight in silver (Mokhtar, Ancient Civilizations, 127–28; Sartre, Histoires, 21; Oden, Libyan Christianity, 61; Herodotus, History, 4).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cyrene
Cyrene (Κυρήνη, Kyrēnē). City established in North Africa by Greek settlers from the Aegean island of Thera around 630 bc (Herodotus, History, 4; Strabo, Geography, 17). The ancient city was named after a nearby spring along the southern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, near the modern village of Shahhat
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Cyrene (Place)
CYRENE (PLACE) [Gk Kyrēnē (Κυρηνη)]. CYRENIANS. The capital of the Roman province of Cyrenaica (Libya) in North Africa. Its name stems from the nature goddess (Kyrana), whose name was given to a perennial spring nearby. The city was founded by Greek colonists from the island of Thera near the end of
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cyrene, Cyrenians
Cyrene, Cyrenians. City on the coast of North Africa which was the capital of Cyrenaica. It was founded in the 7th century bc by Greeks who engaged primarily in agricultural pursuits. Herodotus comments in his fifth-century bc Histories that “the land of Cyrene, the highest of that part of Libya which
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cyrene
Cyrene sī-rēʹnē [Gk. Kyrēnē]. A city in North Africa, capital of the Roman province of Cyrenaica (ancient and modern Libya). The city, modern Shakhāt, is located on the “hump” of Libya, E of the Gulf of Sirte (Syrtis), about 100 mi (160 km) ENE of Benghazi. It lies on a plateau at an altitude
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Cyrene, Cyrenians
CYRENE, CYRENIANS* City and its people on the coast of North Africa that was the capital of Cyrenaica. It was founded in the seventh century bc by Greeks who engaged primarily in agricultural pursuits. Herodotus comments in his fifth-century bc Histories that “the land of Cyrene, the highest of that
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cyrene
Cyrene (si-ree´nee), city in Cyrenaica (modern Libya) that had a thriving Jewish community of settlers from Egypt from Ptolemaic times (late fourth century bce). Jason, the Hellenistic Jewish writer whose history was abbreviated in 2 Maccabees, came from Cyrene. Simon of Cyrene is said to have carried
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Cyrene
CYRENE, CYRENIAN. A city in N Africa midway between Carthage and Alexandria. Cyrene was founded as a Gr. colony in 630 b.c. In 331 b.c. it submitted to Alexander, in 321 b.c. came under the Ptolemies, and passed to Rome in 96 b.c. Renowned as an intellectual center, at its zenith it had a population
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Cyrene
CYRENE. A port in N Africa, of Dorian foundation, rich in corn, silphium, wool and dates. It became part of the Ptolemaic empire in the 3rd century bc, and was bequeathed to Rome in 96 bc, becoming a province in 74 bc. Josephus quotes Strabo as stating that Cyrene encouraged Jewish settlement, and that
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cyrene
Cyrene (Gk. Kyrḗnē)The capital of the North African Roman province of Cyrenaica (modern Libya), located ca. 8 km. (5 mi.) inland. Cyrene was, along with Berenice, Arsinoë, Ptolemais, and Apollonia, part of the region known as the Pentapolis (Pliny Nat. hist. 5.31). It had been settled by Greeks
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Cyrene
Cyrene [sī rēˊnĭ] (Gk. Kyrēnē). The capital of the Roman province of Cyrenaica (modern Shakhāt) located east of the Gulf of Sirte, along Libya’s northern coast.Founded ca. 632 B.C. by Dorian Greeks from the island of There in the Aegean Sea, Cyrene was an important Greek colony, under Greek
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Cyrene
CYRENE The chief city of the Roman province of Cyrenaica (modern Libya) in North Africa. The city was founded by Greek colonists from the island of Thera around 630 b.c. and took its name from the goddess Kyrana. Cyrene fell to Alexander the Great in 331 b.c., passed to the Ptolemies, and then was claimed
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Cyrene
Cyre´ne, the principal city of that part of northern Africa which was anciently called Cyrenaica, lying between Carthage and Egypt, and corresponding with the modern Tripoli. Though on the African coast, it was a Greek city, and the Jews were settled there in large numbers. The Greek colonization of