The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Custom [Heb. ḥōq, huqqôṯ (pl.), mišpāṭ; Gk. éthos, vbs eíōtha (éthō), ethízō, also synḗtheia (Jn. 18:39)]; AV also MANNER, STATUTES (2 K. 17:8, 19), “was wont” (Mk. 10:1; Lk. 22:39); NEB also INSTITUTIONS, PRACTICE (S), TRADITION, “carved images” (Jer. 10:3), “as usual,” “regularly,”
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CUSTOM. The word refers in its widest legal sense to all rules of law not derived directly from specific acts of law-making bodies. In a more restricted sense it refers to a popular usage which under certain conditions may serve as a source of law.In the OT it is one of a number of related words variously
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Customary (also known as a Consuetudinary or Liber Ordinarius). The book containing (1) the rites and ceremonies for the services, and/or (2) the rules and customs of discipline, of a particular monastery, cathedral, or religious order. In the Middle Ages, when local differences were great, they were
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Customa tax imposed by the Romans. The tax-gatherers were termed publicans (q.v.), who had their stations at the gates of cities, and in the public highways, and at the place set apart for that purpose, called the “receipt of custom” (Matt 9:9; Mark 2:14), where they collected the money that was to
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CUSTOM (2)<kus’-tum> (usage): In the Old Testament, except, Genesis 31:35 where the Revised Version (British and American) renders, better, “manner” ([דֶּרֶךְ‎, derekh], “way”), the words translated “custom” are choq, chuqqah, “statute,” and mishpaT, “judgment.” Such passages as Judges 11:39;
A Catholic Dictionary
custom, according to St. Thomas and canonists generally, has three legal effects:(1) It may, either through the consent, tacit or express, of lawful authority or by prescription, impose a new law. This is clearly laid down both in the canon and civil law. To have the force of law, the custom must be
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Cusʹtoms. The word means repeated acts which acquire the power of law, and is specially given to Jewish ceremonial observances so tenaciously observed (Acts 21:21). It also signifies tax or revenue (Ezra 4:20; Matt. 17:25; Rom. 13:7).
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
custom. This English term, referring to habitual practices, is used to translate a variety of words and phrases. For example, Hebrew mišpāṭ H5477, which usually means “judgment, legal decision,” can refer to legal precedent, established tradition, or customary behavior (1 Ki. 18:28; 2 Ki. 11:14; et
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Custom (1)
CUSTOM, kusʹtum (usage): In the OT, except Gen 31:35 where RV renders, better, “manner” (דֶּרֶךְ‎, derekh, “way”), the words trd “custom” are ḥōḳ, ḥuḳḳāh, “statute,” and mishpāt, “judgment.” Such passages as Jgs 11:39; Jer 32:11, and esp. Ezr 3:4 (AV “custom,” RV “ordinance”), illustrate the difficulty