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Custodian
Schoolmaster • Tutor
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Custodian
Custodian. Servant whose responsibility was to accompany, protect, and sometimes discipline his master’s son until the boy reached maturity.See Trades and Occupations.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Custodian
Custodian [Gk. paidagōgós] (Gal. 3:24f); AV SCHOOLMASTER; NEB (KIND OF) TUTOR. In ancient Greek and Roman families a slave was frequently placed in charge of the lads until the age of maturity (about sixteen). Contrary to some translations, this slave was not an educator as such (cf. the meaning of
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Custodian
CUSTODIAN* Servant whose responsibility was to accompany, protect, and sometimes discipline his master’s son until the boy reached maturity. These custodians supervised their charges’ moral conduct and general behavior. Their methods of persuasion varied from physical punishment to shaming. Paul regarded
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Custodian
CustodianA pedagogue (Gk. paidagōgós), normally a slave whose job it was to take care of a young boy until he began studies with a grammarian (Gaius Institutes 1.19; Xenophon Laced. 3.1). Paul compares the relationship of a pedagogue to that of a father (1 Cor. 4:15). In a much debated text, Paul develops
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Custodian
Custodian (Gk. paidagōgós “boy guider”). The slave employed by ancient Greek and Roman families as a guardian for boys under the age of sixteen, the conventional age of maturity. These custodians would take the male children to school or to gymnastic exercises, guide their behavior, and thus train
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TUTOR
TUTOR<tu’-ter>: In modern English an “instructor,” more particularly a private instructor, but the word properly means a “guardian.” Hence its use in Gal 4:2 the King James Version for [ἐπίτροπος, epitropos], here “guardian” (so the Revised Version (British and American)), and 1 Cor 4:15;
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Custodian
CUSTODIAN Wealthy Greek and Roman families often had a slave who attended boys under the age of about 16. The major responsibilities of the custodian were to escort the boys to and from school and to attend to their behavior. The pedagogue or custodian had responsibility to discipline or punish the boy.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Custodian
custodian. This term is used by the RSV to render Greek paidagōgos G4080 (lit., “boy’s guide”), a word used by Paul to describe one of the functions of the law (Gal 3:24–25). The word was wrongly translated “schoolmaster” by the KJV, while the NRSV uses a negative term, “disciplinarian” (the NIV uses
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Tutor
TUTOR, tūʹtẽr: In modern Eng. an “instructor,” more particularly a private instructor, but the word properly means a “guardian.” Hence its use in Gal 4:2 AV for ἐπίτροπος, epítropos, here “guardian” (so RV), and 1 Cor 4:15; Gal 3:24, 25 RV for παιδαγωγός, paidagōgós. See Schoolmaster.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
CUSTODIAN
CUSTODIAN [παιδαγωγός paidagōgos]. A “pedagogue” was a trusted slave charged in Greco-Roman societies with taking a young boy to and from his classes and supervising his behavior there. His role was that of a GUARDIAN, guide, and disciplinarian. Paul uses “pedagogue” positively in 1 Cor 4:15, writing