Accursed • Curse and Blessing • Cursed • Curses • Cursing • Hex • Imprecation
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
CURSE. A term associated with a substantial semantic range of concepts and vocabulary in the Bible. The English verb “to curse” renders several Hebrew words (ʾārar, qālal, ʾālâ, heḥĕrı̂m, nāqab, qābab, bārak [a euphemism, lit. “bless”]), and Greek verbs (kataraomai, anathematizō, katanathematizō,
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Curse, Cursed
Curse, Cursed. Invocation of evil or injury against one’s enemies. As practiced in Bible times, cursing was the opposite of blessing and should not be confused with profanity in the modern sense.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Curse [Heb. ʾālâ (Nu. 5:21, 23; Dt. 29:20f; 30:7; Jgs. 17:2; 2 Ch. 34:24; Neh. 10:29; Job 31:30; etc.), ḥērem (Zec. 14:11; Mal. 4:6), me’ērâ (Dt. 28:20; Prov. 3:33; 28:27; Mal. 2:2; 3:9), qelālâ (Gen. 27:12f; Dt. 11:26, 28f; 23:5; 27:13; 28:15, 45; 29:27; 30:1, 19; Josh. 8:34; etc.), qālal
Accursed [Heb. ḥērem] (Dt. 7:26); AV CURSED; NEB BAN; [qelālâ] (Dt. 21:23); NEB OFFENSIVE; [qālal] (Isa. 65:20); NEB DESPISED; [’ārar] (Ps. 119:21); AV, NEB, CURSED; [zā‘am] (Mic. 6:10); AV ABOMINABLE; [GK. epáratos] (Jn. 7:49); AV CURSED; NEB CURSE; [anáthema] (Rom. 9:3; 1 Cor. 16:22; Gal.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Curse, Cursed
CURSE, CURSED Invocation of evil or injury against one’s enemies. As practiced in Bible times, cursing was the opposite of blessing and should not be confused with profanity in the modern sense.Pagan Beliefs Curses and blessings were linked to the ancient pagan belief that spirits of “the gods” could
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
curse, a pronouncement for harm. Whereas the Hebrew Bible uses only one word for “bless,” it employs three different words for “curse.” The first (’alah) is associated with invoking an oath (Judg. 17:2; Neh. 10:29; also Ps. 10:7, where the context implies false oaths): persons basically request that
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CURSE. The several Heb. and Gr. words for curse denote the expression of a wish or prayer that evil might befall another. This idea found a wide variety of uses in Israel’s life and was universally known among her neighbors. The terms of a contract or treaty were protected by curses or imprecations directed
ACCURSED1. Heb (qlālâ), a form of curse used throughout the ancient Near East as a malediction expressing a wish that evil may overtake someone. In the ancient usage, curses frequently had the effect of protecting the terms of treaty contracts by being directed toward future violators of the agreement.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
CURSE. The main biblical vocabulary of the curse consists of the Heb. synonyms ’ārar, qālal and ’ālâ, corresponding to the Gk. kataraomai, katara and epikataratos; and the Heb. heḥreeîm and ḥērem, corresponding to the Gk. anathematizō and anathema.The basic meaning of the first group is malediction.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CurseThe concept of cursing is associated with a number of different Hebrew roots, some of which have a broad semantic range. These include verbal and/or nominal forms related to the roots ʾrr (“curse, cast a spell, ban from benefits, make anathema”), qll (“curse, blaspheme, disrespect, treat injuriously”),
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Curse. †The invocation of harm or injury upon a person (or people), either immediately or contingent upon particular circumstances; a malediction or imprecation. The usual form of the curse follows the pattern “cursed be” or “cursed is (someone),” accompanied by a relative clause declaring the reasons
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
CURSE אלהI. Some scholars have contended that in ancient Israel ‘curse’ (ʾālâ) was conceived of as a kind of demonic force that could invade the land or take over a person’s being. Although curse could on occasion be personified, there is little evidence from the Bible that curse was thought to be
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Curse, accursed, anathemaPaul uses five different Greek terms, four of which are cognates, for a total of twelve times to express three closely related but clearly distinguishable ideas.1. Curse As a Human Malediction2. The Curse of the Law3. Accursed/Anathema
Catholic Bible Dictionary
CURSE Punitive suffering inflicted by a god or other spiritual agent; also, any invocation of suffering upon a person, people, or thing. Curses in Scripture can be brought on in at least three ways:1. Triggered by the violation of a covenant;2. Invoked upon one or more persons by another;3. Imposed
Key passages
Ge 3:14–19

Then Yahweh God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you will be cursed more than any domesticated animal and more than any wild animal. On your belly you shall go and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. And I will put hostility between you and between the woman, …

Lk 6:28

bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you.

Ro 12:14

Bless those who persecute, bless and do not curse them.

Ga 3:10–13

For as many as are of the works of the law are under a curse, for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all the things that are written in the book of the law to do them.” Now it is clear that no one is justified in the sight of God by the law, because “the one who is righteous …

See also
Topics & Themes