The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CULTS. These are particular systems of religious worship with special reference to rites and ceremonies. The cult(us) is the focal point of a religion and eventually assumes forms and symbols which most clearly reveal the distinctive character of the religion. As the focus of religious life, the cult(us)
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Cultscults, illicit non-Israelite forms of worship. Throughout the history of ancient Israel, there were those who participated in and fostered the growth of cults (cf. 2 Kings 21). These cults arose from Canaanite influence in the land of Israel itself and from the influence of neighboring countries.
A Catholic Dictionary
cultus. Veneration or worship. Catholic theologians distinguish three kinds of Cultus. Latria (λατρεία) or supreme worship is due to God alone, and cannot be transferred to any creature without the horrible sin of idolatry. The word λατρεία is used in this sense by the Greek Fathers and corresponds
Compton’s Encyclopedia
cultA cult is a system of religious belief and practice; in late 20th century term often used to describe religious movements outside of the mainstream, such as Hare Krishna (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) and Unification Church (“Moonies”), founded by Sun Myung Moon, in U.S.; such
Pocket Dictionary of Liturgy & Worship
cult. A complex of religious forms and practices of worship or veneration (from Lat. cultus), a term broader in meaning than *liturgy.
Cult of the Virgin
cult of the Virgin. A significant medieval interest in the Virgin *Mary (beginning twelfth century, France) resulting in, among other things, dedication of *cathedrals to “Our Lady” (Fr. *Notre Dame) and lay-oriented books for saying the Hours of the Virgin Mary (see Book of Hours).
Hero Cult
hero cult. In the Greco-Roman world the powerful dead who in life had contended and suffered with endurance. The tombs of heroes were sacred places, and at their tombs or other shrines dedicated to them people enjoyed annual feasts on the anniversary of their deaths, along with singing of their deeds
refrigerium. In ancient Christian use, an honorary meal with or for the dead (cf. Martyrdom of Polycarp 18). Christians were well known for persistent *cultic observance at tombs (e.g., Monica in Augustine, Confessions 6), often to the dismay of the pagans (cf. Julian, Against the Galileans 1). Banquets
Dictionary of Theological Terms
CultLatin cultus, “worship”; etymologically, a system of religious worship, homage, or devotion. Theologically, it is used of those systems that profess to be Christian but that are antagonistic to the basic doctrines of Scripture, as for example, Mormonism, Russellism, etc.Inherent in cult worship
CultusFrom the Latin cultus meaning “worship”; veneration or worship ascribed by the Roman Catholic church to one who has been beatified (in this case the cultus is limited to a locality such as a diocese or religious order; see Beatification) or canonized (in this case the cultus is made public, or
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings
Worship: Wisdom Cult
CULT, WORSHIP: WISDOMThe sages’ views of public worship vary over the centuries of sapiential tradition, although it is clear from a careful reading of their writings that they valued this sphere of corporate life, participated in its important rituals and sacred times of divine veneration, and even
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Cults. Defining a cult is far more difficult than is often appreciated. Many evangelical Christians support the group Jews for Jesus as a legitimate missionary group, but members of the Jewish community regard the group as an evil and deceptive cult, an illustration of problems surrounding the word.
See also