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Crystal
Substances
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Crystal
Crystal. Variety of quartz, usually clear or nearly so. Two Hebrew words and two Greek words are translated “crystal.”See Minerals, Metals, and Precious Stones.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Crystal
Crystal [Heb. gāḇîš (Job 28:18), qeraḥ (Ezk. 1:22); Gk. krýstallos (Rev. 4:6; 22:1), krystallízo (Rev. 21:11)]; AV also PEARLS (Job 28:18); NEB also ALABASTER, “sheet of ice.” Crystal is an almost transparent quartz rock. In the NT krýstallos is used to describe the glassy sea (Rev. 4:6) and
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Crystal
CRYSTAL Variety of quartz, usually clear or nearly so. Two Hebrew words and two Greek words are translated “crystal.” See Minerals and Metals; Stones, Precious.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Crystal
crystal, a form of mineral with flat, symmetrical surfaces. The Greek word can mean ice or rock crystal, namely, pure silica or quartz in a transparent and colorless form (Rev. 4:6; 22:1; cf. Job 28:17; Ezek 1:22).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Crystal
CrystalA general term for any homogeneous solid with a regularly repeating atomic arrangement. Quartz, or crystalline silica, occurs as a transparent hexagonal crystal, which may be colored by impurities. Glass, first made in ancient times, probably in the Middle East, is also composed of silica and
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Crystal
Crystal (Gk. krýstallos).† A nearly transparent quartz, considered by some of the ancients to be frozen water (cf. Heb. qeraḥ. “ice” at Job 6:16; 37:10; 38:29). At Job 28:18 crystal (Heb. gāḇîš; KJV “pearls”; NIV “jasper”) is said to be easier to acquire than wisdom. In the vision Ezekiel
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Crystal
Crystal, the representative in the Authorized Version of two Hebrew words.1. Zecûcı̂th occurs only in Job 28:17, where “glass” probably is intended. 2. Kerach occurs in numerous passages in the Old Testament to denote “ice,” “frost,” etc.; but once only, Ezek. 1:22, as is generally understood, to signify
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Crystal
Crystal(Ezek. 1:22, with the epithet “terrible,” as dazzling the spectators with its brightness). The word occurs in Rev. 4:6; 21:11; 22:1. It is a stone of the flint order, the most refined kind of quartz. The Greek word here used means also literally “ice.” The ancients regarded the crystal as only
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Crystal
Crystalcrystal, a form of mineral with flat, symmetrical surfaces. The Greek word can mean ice or rock crystal, namely, pure silica or quartz in a transparent and colorless form (Rev. 4:6; 22:1; see also Job 28:17; Ezek 1:22).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CRYSTAL
CRYSTAL<kris’-tal>: In English Versions of the Bible the word is probably intended to signify rock-crystal, crystallized quartz. This the Greeks called [κρύσταλλος, krustallos], “ice,” believing it to have been formed from water by intense cold. Thus in Revelation 4:6; 21:11; 22:1, either “crystal” (EV)
Compton’s Encyclopedia
crystals
crystalsThe ancient Greeks used the word krystallos to mean both ice and quartz. They thought that quartz was simply another form of ice that had become permanently solid. Today a crystal is commonly considered to be a solid object with symmetrically arranged flat surfaces that meet in straight lines
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Crystal
Crysʹtal, a beautifully clear and transparent stone, a colorless quartz, found under regular forms or in masses. In Job 38:29 the word is translated ice, to which the rock-crystal bears a strong resemblance. The ancients indeed supposed rock-crystal to be merely ice congealed by intense cold. Its transparency