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Crowd hearing Jesus about Divorce
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Divorce
Divorce (גְרוּשָׁה‎, gerushah; כְּרִיתֻת‎, kerithuth; ἀποστάσιον, apostasion; ἀπολύω, apolyō; ἀφίημι, aphiēmi; χωρίζω, chōrizō). The legal dissolution of a marriage. In the Bible—and in the cultures that produced the Bible—divorce was usually instigated by the husband.
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Pharisees
Pharisees (Φαρισαῖος, Pharisaios). Members of a Jewish party that exercised strict piety according to Mosaic law. The Pharisees were a sect within early Judaism, becoming active around 150 bc and enduring as a distinct party until being subsumed into the Rabbinic movement around ad 135.
Pharisees, Critical Issues
Pharisees, Critical Issues Surveys modern scholarship on the New Testament’s portrayal of the Pharisees. Since the Gospels focus on the ministry, teaching, and passion of Jesus, they provide only anecdotal evidence of the Pharisees. Scholarly investigation—especially of extrabiblical sources—seeks a
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Divorce
DIVORCE. The biblical teaching on divorce is much debated for two reasons. First, while the relevant texts are not numerous, they provoke exegetical issues which are complex and difficult. Second, since the church and synagogue look to Scripture for moral guidance and since divorce continues to be a
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Pharisees
PHARISEES [Gk Pharisaios (Φαρισαιος)]. Recent research on the Pharisees has paradoxically made them and their role in Palestinian society more obscure and difficult to describe. The three ancient sources—Josephus, the NT, and rabbinic literature—have very limited information which is difficult to interpret.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Divorce
Divorce. Biblical provisions regulating divorce are closely bound up with the various definitions given to marriage within the successive phases of God’s progressive revelation in history.In the Genesis creation account, marriage is defined as the “one flesh” union established by God in the context
Pharisees
Pharisees. Religious sect active in Palestine during the NT period. The Pharisees are consistently depicted in the Gospels as Jesus’ antagonists. It is commonly held that the Pharisees represented mainstream Judaism early in the 1st century and that they were characterized by a variety of morally objectionable
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Divorce
Divorce [Heb. kerîṯûṯ—‘a cutting off’ (Dt. 24:1, 3; Isa. 50:1; Jer. 3:8), šālaḥ—‘send away’ (Jer. 3:1; Mal. 2:16), gāraš—‘drive out, banish’ (Lev. 21:7, 14; 22:13; Nu. 30:9; Ezk. 44:22); Gk. apolýō—‘dismiss, send away’ (Mt. 1:19; 5:31f; 19:3, 8f; Mk. 10:2, 11f; Lk. 16:18), aphíēmi—‘send
Pharisees
Pharisees fə-rīʹdə [Gk. pharisaíoi]. A prominent religious party in Judaism during the late Second Temple period (ca 100 b.c.a.d. 70), the party most frequently mentioned in the NT. I. Name II. DescriptionA. “Traditional” ViewB. Pharisees in JosephusC. Pharisees in the NTD. Pharisees in Rabbinic
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Divorce
DIVORCE Biblical provisions regulating divorce are closely bound up with the various definitions given to marriage within the successive phases of God’s progressive revelation in history.In the Genesis Creation account, marriage is defined as the “one flesh” union established by God in the context of
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
Pharisees
PHARISEES Religious sect active in Palestine during the NT period. The Pharisees are consistently depicted in the Gospels as Jesus’ antagonists. It is commonly held that the Pharisees represented mainstream Judaism early in the first century and that they were characterized by a variety of morally objectionable
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Divorce
divorce. Despite a general disapproval of divorce, Mosaic law did permit divorce to be initiated by the husband (though, apparently, not by the wife). The acceptable grounds for divorce are not stated (cf. Deut. 24:1, “because he finds something objectionable about her”) and may have varied over time.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
Pharisees
Pharisees (fair´uh-seez), a group of particularly observant and influential Jews, mainly in Judea, from the second century bce to the first century ce. The meaning of the name itself is obscure. It may mean “separate ones” in Hebrew, referring to their observance of ritual purity laws in ways that separated
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Divorce
DIVORCE. In the OT. In Deut 24:1–4 Moses permitted divorce of a husband from his wife if the husband found ˓erwat dābār, “some uncleanness” in her (lit., “a case of nakedness,” or “nakedness of a thing”). The nature of such an accusation was so general that it led to two interpretations at the time
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
Pharisees
PHARISEES. The term Pharisee is believed to be derived from the Heb. verb pārash. “to divide or separate.” Hence, the Pharisees were the “separated ones,” but the origin of this Jewish group and of the name they bore is uncertain. The “separation” of which their name speaks could be separation in general
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Divorce
DivorceThe legal ending of a marriage while the two parties are still living. Accordingly, it is a matter of grave seriousness and is always treated as such in the OT and NT.The Mosaic law permitted divorce (Deut. 24:1–4), although the conditions under which it is allowed are not clear. Within a cultural
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Pharisees
Pharisees (Gk. Pharisaɩ́oi)An important group within Judaism of the late Second Temple period (2nd century b.c.e.–1st century c.e.). Because we have no surviving text written by a committed Pharisee and no archaeological finds that mention them, the reconstruction of the Pharisees’ aims and views must
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Pharisees
Pharisees [fărˊə sēz] (Gk. Pharisaíoi).† One of the parties or movements within Judaism of the late Second Temple period (ca. 150 B.C.-A.D. 70). The Pharisees were noted most for their exact observance of the Jewish religion, their accurate exposition of the law, their handing down of extrabiblical
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Jesus
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Pharisees
PhariseesThe Pharisees appear in our sources as a distinct party in Judaism of the late Second Temple period, with their own vision of what Israel’s* standing as God’s covenant people entailed. Characteristic of the Pharisaic position was their adherence to a body of traditional material (Gk paradosis)
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