Loading…
Crowd at a Leper’s Healing
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An infectious skin disease. The word often translated as “leprosy” in the Bible should actually be translated generally as “skin disease” because the exact type of skin disease is unclear; few, if any, of the cases mentioned align with the modern understanding of leprosy. These skin diseases cause uncleanness to the one bearing the disease.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
Leprosy (צָרַעַת‎, tsara'ath; λέπρα, lepra). An infectious skin disease. The word often translated as “leprosy” in the Bible should actually be translated generally as “skin disease” because the exact type of skin disease is unclear; few, if any, of the cases mentioned align with the modern understanding
Sermon on the Mount/Plain
Sermon on the Mount/Plain The first of five speeches delivered by Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew. Recorded in Matt 5:3–7:27. Provides a condensed description of how a citizen of the kingdom of God should live. Has parallels with the Sermon on the Plain in Luke 6:20–49.
Sermon on the Mount/Plain, Critical Issues
Sermon on the Mount/Plain, Comparison Reviews scholarship on the relationship between the Sermon on the Mount (Matt 5:3–7:27) and the Sermon on the Plain (Luke 6:20–49).The Sermon on the Mount and the Sermon on the Plain differ because of the authors’ audiences and theological purposes (Lenski, The
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
LEPROSY. A disease in humans (also known as Hansen’s disease) caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. This term “leprosy” is commonly used (more for convenience than medical accuracy) as a translation of Hebrew ṣāraʿat in the OT and Gk lepra in the NT. Scholars now generally agree that OT sāraʿat
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Leprosy
Leprosy, Leper. Chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a bacterium similar to the tuberculosis bacillus. The disease is manifested by changes in the skin, mucous membranes, and peripheral nerves. In the skin there are often patches of depigmentation but rarely a total loss of pigment,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Sermon on the Mount
Sermon on the Mount The customary designation for the discourse of Jesus recorded in Mt. 5–7. It begins with the well-known Beatitudes and then, by a series of startling antitheses, illustrates the relationship of Jesus’ teaching to the Jewish legal system. It emphasizes the inner righteousness of the
Sermon on the Plain
Sermon on the Plain The customary designation of the sermon of Jesus recorded in Lk. 6:20–40. According to v 17, Jesus was standing on a level plain when He received those who were to hear His sermon, much of which is paralleled in Mt. 5–7 (see Sermon on the Mount). In Synoptic studies the two accounts
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Leper, Leprosy
LEPER, LEPROSY One afflicted with a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a bacterium similar to the tuberculosis bacillus. The disease is manifested by changes in the skin, mucous membranes, and peripheral nerves. In the skin there are often patches of depigmentation but rarely
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Leprosy
leprosy, in the Bible a disorder affecting humans, fabrics, and houses. Though it is not clear what all of these disorders were, it is certain that they were not modern leprosy (Hansen’s disease), which did not exist in the ancient Near East. The “leprosy” that occurred in fabrics and houses is described
Sermon on the Mount
Sermon on the Mount, the traditional designation for a section of Matthew’s Gospel (chaps. 5–7) that presents the teaching of Jesus on matters of discipleship.Nomenclature: The name “Sermon on the Mount” derives from Matt. 5:1, which indicates that Jesus delivered this teaching to his disciples on a
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Sermon On the Mount
SERMON ON THE MOUNT. The passages in Mt 5:1–7:29 and Lk 6:20–7:1 were accorded that designation as early as the 4th cen. a.d. by Augustine in his commentary (De Sermone domini in monte). The discourse was delivered from some eminence, probably in the high plateau country of Galilee. A 13th cen. tradition
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Sermon On the Mount
SERMON ON THE MOUNT. The Sermon on the Mount is the title commonly given to the teachings of Jesus recorded in Mt. 5–7. Whether the name can be properly used for the somewhat parallel portion in Luke (6:20–49) depends upon one’s interpretation of the literary relationship between the two. The latter
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Leprosy
LeprosyA chronic, though not highly contagious, disease that primarily affects the skin, mucous membranes, and nerves, known also as Hansen’s disease. The cause is an organism, Mycobacterium laprae, identified by the Norwegian physician G. A. H. Hansen (1841–1912).Most scholars agree that Heb. ṣaraʿaṯ,
Sermon on the Mount/Plain
Sermon on the Mount/PlainThe first of Jesus’ discourses (Matt. 5:1–7:28), which summarizes his moral demand upon Israel. The account opens with a short narrative introduction (4:23–5:2) and closes with a short narrative conclusion (7:28–8:1). These two units share several words and phrases—“great crowds
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
Leprosy (Heb. ṣāra˓aṯ; Gk. lepra).† A broad generic term for any number of eruptive skin diseases and disorders. Indeed, specific identification of the disease so named in the biblical accounts with that now called leprosy (from the formerly more general Latin loanword lepra) or Hansen’s disease
Sermon on the Mount
Sermon on the Mount. †The collection of Jesus’ teachings found at Matt. 5–7, the largest block of teachings uninterrupted by narrative in the Gospels. The designation of these chapters as “the Sermon on the Mount” arises from the description of Jesus sitting on a mountain as he teaches (5:1). The mountain
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Leprosy
LeprosyModern discussion of leprosy has largely centered on the distinction between true leprosy, that is, the disease caused by Hansen’s bacillus, and superficially similar diseases; on its treatment, including precautions against the infection of others; and on the avoidance of the pejorative term
Sermon on the Mount/Plain
Sermon on the mount/plainNo other short section of the Bible has been more prominent in theological discussion and in the general life of the church. Even in our modern secular societies the Sermon’s influence continues. Though they may have given the matter little careful thought, many men and women
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
LEPROSY Known today as Hansen’s disease and caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. In Scripture, the term “leprosy” is used for a wide variety of skin diseases or conditions as well as lesions or infections that might occur on the skin, on fabrics, and even on the walls of houses (Lev 13:47–59;
Sermon on the Mount
SERMON ON THE MOUNT The traditional name for the discourse of Jesus in Matt 5–7. A parallel discourse appears in Luke 6:20–49, which is often called the Sermon on the Plain because it was delivered on a “level place” (Luke 6:17).
See also