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Crowd at Solomon’s Portico
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An apostle of Jesus Christ and one of the three named pillars of the early church in Jerusalem. Peter was the first Christian missionary to the Gentiles, a Christian missionary to the Jews, and a Christian martyr in Rome. Also called Cephas.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Peter the Apostle
Peter the Apostle (Πέτρος, Petros). An apostle of Jesus Christ and one of the three named pillars of the early church in Jerusalem. Peter was the first Christian missionary to the Gentiles, a Christian missionary to the Jews, and a Christian martyr in Rome. Also called Cephas.
Solomon’s Portico
Solomon’s Portico A colonnade on the east side of the temple where the early church gathered (John 10:23; Acts 3:11; 5:12).This portico ran along the eastern wall of Herod’s temple in the court of the Gentiles. It had two rows of columns, while the colonnade on the south side (known as the Royal Portico)
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Peter (Person)
PETER (PERSON) [Gk Petros (Πετρος)]. Var. SIMON PETER; SIMON; CEPHAS. The most prominent of the 12 disciples of Jesus.A. Pauline LettersB. Book of ActsC. Gospel of MarkD. Gospel of MatthewE. Gospel of LukeF. Gospel of JohnG. The Petrine EpistlesH. The Apocryphal WritingsA. Pauline LettersThere
Simeon (Person)
SIMEON (PERSON) [Heb šimʿôn (שִׁמְעֹון)]. SIMEONITE. 1. The second son of Leah and Jacob and the full brother of Reuben, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah. Simeon is also the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory is found within the S limits of Judah. The etymology is obscure, but
Simon (Person)
SIMON (PERSON) [Gk Simōn (Σιμων)]. The name of a number of persons mentioned both in the Apocryphal literature of the OT as well as in the NT.1. Simon Chosamaeus (Gk Chosamaios), who provided a list of those who were found to have married foreign wives (1 Esdr 9:32; cf. Shimeon in Ezra 10:31).2. Simon
Solomon’s Portico (Place)
SOLOMON’S PORTICO (PLACE) [Gk stoa (tou) Solomōn (t)os (στοα του Σολομωντος)]. A colonnade which made up part of the temple complex built by Herod in Jerusalem. This colonnade like the others that surrounded the temple precinct, provided a meeting place for individuals to discuss Scripture preceding
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cephas
Cephas. Aramaic name of Simon Peter the apostle in John 1:42; 1 Corinthians 1:12; and Galatians 1:18.See Peter, The Apostle.
Peter, The Apostle
Peter, The Apostle. One of Jesus’ 12 disciples who rose to preeminence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards. There are actually four forms of his name in the NT: the Hebrew/Greek Simeon/Simon and the Aramaic/Greek Cephas/Petros. His given name was Simon bar-Jonah
Solomon’s Porch
Solomon’s Porch. Part of the outer court of Herod’s temple (Jn 10:23; Acts 3:11; 5:12).See Tabernacle, Temple.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cephas
Cephas sēʹfəs [Gk. ho Kēphas < Aram kêp̱ā’—‘rock’] (Jn. 1:42, etc.). The Aramaic surname of Peter.
Peter
Peter [Gk. Petros, for Kēphas < Aram kêp̱āʾ]. A disciple of Jesus and apostle of the early Church.The NT literature gives prominent place to Peter, whose life and ministry fall conveniently into the three categories indicated by O. Cullmann’s comprehensive study, Peter: Disciple-Apostle-Martyr.
Simon (NT)
2. Simon Peter; son of John (Jn. 1:42; 21:15–17; Jona, Mt. 16:17) and brother of Andrew (Jn. 1:40). See Peter.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Cephas
CEPHAS Aramaic name of Simon Peter the apostle in John 1:42; 1 Corinthians 1:12; and Galatians 1:18. See Simon Peter.
Peter, the Apostle
PETER, THE APOSTLE One of the 12 disciples; rose to prominence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards.There are actually four forms of Peter’s name in the New Testament: the Hebrew translated into Greek, “Simeon” to “Simon,” and the Aramaic translated into
Solomon’s Porch
SOLOMON’S PORCH* Part of the outer court of Herod’s temple (Jn 10:23; Acts 3:11; 5:12).See also Temple.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cephas
Cephas (see´fuhs; from Aramaic kepha’, “rock”), a surname equivalent to the Greek name “Peter” (John 1:42; cf. Matt. 16:17–18). See also Peter.
Peter
Peterpeter was a galilean and one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. His given name was Simon, but Jesus bestowed upon him the nickname “Peter” (GK., “rock”; Matt. 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14). He is sometimes referred to as Cephas, the Aramaic version of that name, which Jesus would no doubt have actually
Simeon
Simeon (sim´ee-uhn; Heb., “to hear”).1 The second son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:33). Simeon and his brother Levi massacred the men of Shechem to avenge the rape of their sister, Dinah (Gen. 34, recalled in Jth. 9:1–4). Simeon was later held hostage in Egypt when Joseph sent the other brothers back
Simon
Simon (si´muhn).1 Simon Maccabeus, the son of Mattathias Hashmon and ruler of Judea 142–134 bce. Following in the tradition of his brothers Judas Maccabeus and Jonathan, he led the Jewish forces against the Seleucids and won independence for Judea, establishing the Hasmonean dynasty, which would endure
Solomon’s Portico
Solomon’s Portico, a colonnade thought to have been situated along the east side of the temple enclosure built by Herod the Great as part of his restoration of the temple of Jerusalem. If so, the portico would have been directly above the Kidron Valley, facing the Mount of Olives. With the destruction
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Cephas
CEPHAS (Gr. kēphas, from Aram. kēpa˒, “rock or stone”).A name given by Jesus to the apostle Simon (Jn 1:42; 1 Cor 1:12; 3:22; 9:5; 15:5; Gal 2:9). Peter is the Gr. equivalent of Cephas. See Peter; Simon; Simeon.
Peter
PETER. One of the earliest and most prominent disciples of Jesus. Several names are given him: the Heb. name Simeon (Acts 15:14) and Gr. Simon, after a son of Jacob whose descendants became one of the tribes of Israel; Cephas (Jn 1:43) and Peter, both meaning “rock.” See Simeon; Simon; Cephas.Origin
Solomon's Porch
SOLOMON’S PORCH1. The “porch of judgment” which Solomon built and lined with cedar as part of his palace (1 Kgs 7:7). See Palace: Solomon.2. Outer corridor of the temple on the E side (Jn 10:23; Acts 3:11; 5:12). The outer court of the temple was surrounded by two rows of pillars to form corridors
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cephas
Cephas (Gk. Kēphás)Nickname or surname given the Apostle Peter (from Aram. kêp̱āʾ, “rock”).See Peter.
Peter
Peter (Gk. Pétros)Simon bar Jonah, nicknamed Cephas or Peter (Aramaic and Greek for “rock”) by Jesus. Since Simon was a common Jewish name and a number of others are mentioned in the Gospels and Acts, the nickname became the common designation for the man, although the Gospels report Jesus often calling
Simeon
Simeon (Heb. šimʿôn)1. The second son of Jacob (Gen. 35:23); the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory was within the southern limits of Judah (Josh. 19:1–9). Simeon and his brother Levi exacted treacherous and violent revenge for the rape of their sister Dinah by a local prince called Shechem
Simon
Simon (Gk. Sɩ́mon; Heb. šimʿôn)1. Simon, surnamed the Just (Gk. dikaios, also meaning “righteous”), who according to Josephus (Ant. 12.43) succeeded his father Onias in the high priesthood. This places him within the period of Ptolemy I’s rule over Judea (301–282 b.c.e.). A scholion to Megillat Taʿanit
Solomon’s Portico
Solomon’s PorticoThe public meeting place on the eastern side of the temple mount platform which was surrounded by rows of pillars forming a portico (Gk. stoá toú Solom̂ntos). According to Josephus, who regarded this area as a remnant of Solomon’s temple, its Herodian expansion during the end of the
Symeon
Symeon (Gk. Symên)1. A prophet and teacher in the church at Antioch who was surnamed Niger and may have been, therefore, black (Lat. niger; Acts 13:1 RSV; NRSV “Simeon” [6]).2. Another name for Simon Peter (Acts 15:14; 2 Pet. 1:1 RSV).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Cephas
Cephas [sēˊfəs] (Gk. Kēphas, from Aram. kêp̱ā˒ “rock”). See Peter.
Peter
Peter [pēˊtər] (Gk. Petros).† Simon Peter, the most prominent of Jesus’ twelve disciples.
Solomon’s Portico
Solomon’s Portico (Gk. hē stoá Solomṓntos). A covered colonnade on the eastern side of the Herodian temple area. The name of this structure came from its supposed antiquity, although none of the Herodian temple dated back to Solomon’s day. Solomon’s Portico was frequently a place for rabbis to
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Peter
PeterPaul never refers to the apostle Peter by his original name of Simon (Simōn, as frequently in the Gospels) or Simeon (Symeōn, as in Acts 15:14 and the preferred text of 2 Pet 1:1). Only twice (Gal 2:7, 8) does he use the name Peter (Petros, or “Rock”) given to Simon by Jesus (Mt 16:17–18; Mk
Catholic Bible Dictionary
B. Peter and Paul
B. Peter and PaulThe title “Acts of the Apostles” was given to the book at least by the second century a.d., but the book focuses chiefly on two main apostles: Peter and Paul. The entire book can, in fact, be divided into two major sections, the first following the leadership of Peter (chaps. 1–12)
Peter
PETER (Greek petros, “rock”) Simon Peter, apostle of Jesus Christ, leader of the Twelve, and chief shepherd of the early Christian Church. He is seen and heard frequently in the Gospels and Acts and is the alleged author of two New Testament epistles, 1 and 2 Peter (1 Pet 1:1; 2 Pet 1:1).
Simon
SIMON The name of a large number of men in the Bible.1. Also Simeon. The second son of Mattathias, the brother of Judas and Jonathan, and a key figure in the Maccabean revolt who established the Hasmonean Dynasty. Also known as Thassi, he was praised as a man “wise in counsel” (1 Macc 2:65) and went
Solomon, Portico Of
SOLOMON, PORTICO OF A colonnade running along the eastern side of the Temple complex of Herod’s Temple in Jerusalem. It was part of a colonnade that surrounded the outer courtyard of the Temple and was used as a meeting place to discuss Scripture. Jesus and the disciples gathered there, as did members
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