Crowd at Philippi
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Barnabas (“son of encouragement”) was the nickname that the apostles gave to Joseph, a prominent member of the early church (Acts 4:36). Barnabas was a companion of the apostle Paul in the early years of his ministry.
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Barnabas the Apostle
Barnabas the Apostle (Βαρναβᾶς, Barnabas). Barnabas (“son of encouragement”) was the nickname that the apostles gave to Joseph, a prominent member of the early church (Acts 4:36). Barnabas was a companion of the apostle Paul in the early years of his ministry.
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle (Παῦλος, Paulos). The “apostle to the Gentiles” who spread the message about Jesus Christ throughout the ancient world through his missionary efforts. Several of his letters are included in the New Testament canon.
Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues
Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues Examines scholarly topics related to the Apostle Paul, including:• the extent of the Pauline corpus;• the doctrine of justification by faith;• identification of Paul’s opponents;• Paul’s views regarding women;• the teachings of Paul and Jesus; and• cultural influences
Paul, New Perspective On
Paul, New Perspective On Paul, New Perspective on. A distinct scholarly viewpoint regarding the Apostle Paul’s attitudes toward Judaism, justification, righteousness, law, and salvation.
Philippi (Φίλιπποι, Philippoi). An important Roman colony in the province of Macedonia, where the Apostle Paul planted a church during New Testament times. Named after Philip II, father of Alexander the Great.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Barnabas (Person)
BARNABAS (PERSON) [Gk Barnabas (Βαρναβας)]. An apostle, an associate of Paul, prominent in the church of Antioch-on-the-Orontes in Syria, and an early leader in the mission to gentiles. According to Acts, his name was Joseph, but he was called Barnabas by the apostles. Luke, the author of Acts, translates
Joseph (Person)
JOSEPH (PERSON) [Heb yôsēp (יֹוסֵף)]. Several persons in the OT, Apocrypha, and NT bear this name.1. See JOSEPH, SON OF JACOB.2. The father of Igal, the individual selected from the tribe of Issachar to spy out the land of Canaan (Num 13:7).3. A Levite who was one of the “sons of Asaph” (1 Chr 25:2,
Paul (Person)
PAUL (PERSON) [Gk Paulos (Παυλος)]. An early Christian apostle who was perhaps the most important and creative figure in the history of the early Church, whose formulations of Christian faith as expressed in his epistles to fledgling churches have become part of the foundation for orthodox Christian
Philippi (Place)
PHILIPPI (PLACE) [Gk Philippoi (Φιλιπποι)]. Situated in N Greece at the border of E Macedonia and Thrace, ancient Philippi was the site of Paul’s earliest extensive missionary activity in Europe (Acts 16:11–40; Philippians). The city (41°00´N; 24°16´E) stood about 16 km N NW of the port city Neapolis
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Barnabas. Name given by the apostles to an early convert to Christianity in Jerusalem. Formerly called Joseph, Barnabas probably earned his new name through effective preaching and teaching.Sources for the life of Barnabas are limited to passages in the Book of Acts and from Paul’s letters. The apocryphal
Paul, The Apostle
Paul, The Apostle. Known as Saul of Tarsus before his conversion to Christianity and the most influential leader in the early days of the Christian church. Through his missionary journeys to Asia Minor and Europe, Paul was the primary instrument in the expansion of the gospel to the Gentiles. Moreover,
Philippi. Minor village of Thrace (known in antiquity as “The Springs” [Krenides]) until about 357 bc. when the father of Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon, conquered the site and rebuilt it. He gave the village his name (“Philip’s City”), fortified it as a military stronghold in subduing the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Barnabas bärʹnə-bəs [GK. Barnabas—‘son of exhortation’ or possibly ‘son of Nebo’]. An associate of Paul, originally called Joses or Joseph (Acts 4:36). He was called Barnabas as a testimony to his eloquence. Its literal meaning is “son of prophecy” (Aram bar, “son”; neḇû’â, “prophecy”; cf. Heb.
III. Assessment
III. AssessmentSaul’s life and character are treated in summary fashion by the Chronicler (1 Ch. 10:13f): “So Saul died for his unfaithfulness; he was unfaithful to the Lord in that he did not keep the command of the Lord, and also consulted a medium, seeking guidance, and did not seek guidance from
16. The companion of Paul, surnamed Barnabas (Acts 4:36; AV Joses).S. F. Hunter
3. A name of Barnabas (Acts 4:36, AV, where the RSV has Joseph). See Barnabas.
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle [Gk. Paulos]; in Acts before his conversion and for some time afterward, SAUL [Gk. Saulos, Saoul]. I. SourcesA. Acts of the ApostlesB. Pauline Epistles1. Paul As a Letter Writer2. Dating the EpistlesC. Acts and the Epistles Compared1. In Reference to Paul Himself2. In Reference
Philippi filʹə-pī, fi-lipʹī [Gk. Philippoi]. A city of Macedonia, today in ruins. I. Geographical Setting II. History III. Archeology IV. Philippi and the NT V. Later History
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
BARNABAS Name given by the apostles to an early convert to Christianity in Jerusalem. Formerly called Joseph, Barnabas probably earned his new name through effective preaching and teaching.Sources for the life of Barnabas are limited to passages in the book of Acts and Paul’s letters. The apocryphal
Paul, the Apostle
PAUL, THE APOSTLE Prominent leader of the first-century church; apostle to the Gentiles; author of 13 NT epistles.PreviewFamily and Cultural BackgroundEducationSaul the PersecutorConversion and CallingPreparation for MinistrySent Out from AntiochTraveling with BarnabasThe Council of
PHILIPPI Minor village of Thrace (known in antiquity as “The Springs”) until about 357 bc, when the father of Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon, conquered the site and rebuilt it. He gave the village his name (“Philip’s City”), fortified it as a military stronghold in subduing the area, and exploited
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Barnabas (bahr´nuh-buhs; Heb., “son of encouragement”), according to Acts 4:36–37, a Levite from Cyprus whose cognomen was Joseph and who became a member of the early Christian community in Jerusalem. He was surnamed “Barnabas” by the apostles. A Jew from the Dispersion who had moved to Jerusalem, Barnabas
Joseph (joh´sif).1 The older son of Rachel, who was the favorite wife of Jacob (Israel), ancestor of the Israelites. Thus, Joseph’s descendants form one of the original twelve tribes of Israel (Gen. 49:22–26), but the tribe of Joseph divided into Ephraim and Manasseh after Levi left the tribal structure
Paulpaul the apostle was the most effective missionary of early Christianity and the most prominent of the church’s early theologians. Almost half of the books of the nt are attributed to him. Whatever else is said about Paul, he does not appear to have been “typical.” He was not “a typical Jew,” “a
Philippi (fi-lip´i, fil´i-pi), an ancient city in northeastern Greece. Its site, dominated by a high acropolis and surrounded by mountains on three sides, lies ten miles inland from the modern port city of Kavalla (ancient Neapolis).The history of Philippi before the fourth century bce remains obscure,
Saul (sawl).1 A Benjaminite from the mountain village of Gibeah who became Israel’s first king. According to biblical tradition Saul was divinely appointed in response to a popular demand for a king, but he was not long in favor with God, who rejected him for disobedience. He spent much of his reign
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
BARNABAS. A Levite of Cyprus and member of the primitive church of Jerusalem. His personal name was Joseph; the patronymic Barnabas was given him by the apostles to indicate his character (“son of encouragement,” Acts 4:36, RSV). He is first mentioned for his generosity in selling some land and handing
PAULBackgroundModern studies of Paul once again are emphasizing the fact of his Jewishness. Of the various strands within his cultural milieu, this seems basic. Writers such as W. D. Davies, Paul and Rabbinic Judaism (1948); J. Munck, Paul and the Salvation of Mankind (1959); H. J. Schoeps, Paul: The
PHILIPPI. A town of Macedonia 13 miles inland from the Aegean served by its port Neapolis. Philippi was founded by and named after Philip II of Macedonia in 360 b.c. It was significant to the Macedonian as the chief mining center in the Pangaeus gold fields; these were largely exhausted by the time Macedonia
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
BARNABAS. The cognomen of Joseph, a foremost early missionary. Luke (Acts 4:36) interprets ‘son of paraklēsis’, ‘one who encourages, or exhorts’ (cf. ‘son of peace’ in Lk. 10:6). Nabas may reflect Aramaic newaḥâ, ‘pacification’, ‘consolation’ (the abnormal Greek transcription being eased by the contemporary
PHILIPPI. In the course of his apostolic travels Paul received in a vision an invitation from a man of Macedonia who implored, ‘Come over to Macedonia, and help us’ (Acts 16:9). Interpreting this plea as a summons from God, Paul and his party sailed for Neapolis, the port of Philippi, 13 km S of the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Barnabas (Gk. Barnabás)Joseph, a highly-reputed apostle active in (perhaps founder of) gentile mission as senior partner to Saul/Paul. He was a diaspora Levite from Cyprus who sold a field and donated the proceeds to the apostles for the community-of-goods experiment in Jerusalem (Acts 4:36–37). The
Joseph (Heb. yôsēp̱, yĕhôsēp̱; Gk. Iōsḗph, Iosḗs) (also JOSES)1. The 11th son of Jacob and the older son of Rachel. Rachel, the wife whom Jacob loved, was barren for a long time before giving birth to Joseph (Gen. 29:31–30:21). Her words upon giving birth to Joseph reflect the two possible
Paul (Gk. Paúlos)Except for Jesus, no one influenced the development of early Christianity more than Paul. He was the foremost apologist for the gentile mission, and the most eloquent defender of the centrality of Jewish traditions, Scriptures, deity, and morality for his predominantly gentile churches.
Philippi (Gk. Phɩ́lippoi)A city in Macedonia, northeastern Greece, ca. 17 km. (10 mi.) inland from the Aegean Sea and NW of the port city of Kavala (ancient Neapolis). It was first occupied in the 6th century b.c.e. by settlers from Thasos who named it Krenides (“the springs”) because water sources
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Barnabas [bärˊnə bəs] (Gk. Barnabas, either “son of consolation” [so KJV] or “son of encouragement” [so RSV, JB, NIV]). The name given to Joseph, a Levite from the island of Cyprus (Acts 4:36).Barnabas became a Christian early in life, and one of his first acts as a believer was to sell a
Paul [pôl] (Gk. Paulos).† A leading persecutor of Christians who became the Christian apostle to the Gentiles, known through his letters and the Acts of the Apostles.
Philippi [fĭlˊə pī] (Gk. hoi Philippoi. A city in eastern Macedonia, situated in a fertile plain on the Roman military and commercial highway known as the Via Egnatia. Some of the city’s prosperity came from gold in the mountains surrounding the city. Philippi was in the first district of the Roman
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
BarnabasBarnabas is a Greek name interpreted by Luke as huios paraklēseōs in Acts 4:36 and variously translated as “son of consolation” (KJV), “son of exhortation” or “son of encouragement” (RSV, JB, NIV). Barnabas was the affectionate nickname of a Levite named Joses, or Joseph (Acts 4:36), who became
Chronology of Paul
Chronology of paulPauline chronology is concerned to establish the sequence and (where possible) the dates of events in Paul’s life. It is an area which has attracted much complex theorizing: this article will attempt simply to set out the parameters of the problem as clearly as possible.1. Sources
James and paulSince the Reformation James and Paul have often been viewed as having contradictory theologies, one focusing on works (see Works of the Law) and the other on grace. An examination of the critical texts shows, however, that in reality the two men used similar terms differently in separate
Jew, Paul the
Jew, paul theIn recent years a significant change has taken place in Pauline scholarship. During the first half of the twentieth century the dominant “history of religions” school emphasized a Hellenistic approach to Paul: Paul was understood to be a Hellenized Jew of the Diaspora. For example, R. Bultmann
Old Testament in Paul
Old testament in paulAlthough many Jews in the first century saw the Christian gospel as antithetical to their faith, Paul regarded his message as the fulfillment of God’s promises to Israel. His letters are therefore filled with OT references used to clarify and defend the gospel. This feature, unquestionably,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
B. Peter and Paul
B. Peter and PaulThe title “Acts of the Apostles” was given to the book at least by the second century a.d., but the book focuses chiefly on two main apostles: Peter and Paul. The entire book can, in fact, be divided into two major sections, the first following the leadership of Peter (chaps. 1–12)
BARNABAS (Aramaic, “son of encouragement”) An associate of Paul described in Acts as “a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith” (Acts 11:24). Barnabas was a Levite from the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. He is first mentioned as a man who sold some land and gave all of the proceeds to the apostles
Paul of Tarsus
PAUL, OR SAUL OF TARSUS One of the greatest theologians, writers, and missionaries in the history of the Church. Paul had a decisive role in the spread of the Christian faith and was known as the apostle to the Gentiles (Rom 11:13).Paul’s letters make up approximately one-third of the New Testament.
PHILIPPI A city in Macedonia (northern Greece) a few miles inland from the seaport of Neapolis (modern Kaválla). It was originally called Krenides, meaning “spring,” in honor of the rich streams in the surrounding area. Philippi was renamed after Philip II of Macedonia (r. 359–336 b.c.). When the city
Saul of Tarsus
SAUL OF TARSUS The Jewish name of Paul, who was born in Tarsus. As with King Saul in the Old Testament, he belonged to the tribe of Benjamin (Rom 11:1; Phil 3:5).
See also