Crowd at Lazarus’ Death
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Mary of Bethany
Mary of Bethany (Μαριάμ, Mariam; Μαρία, Maria). The sister of Martha and Lazarus in Bethany (e.g., Luke 10:39; John 11).
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Martha (Person)
MARTHA (PERSON) [Gk Martha (Μαρθα)]. Martha (from the Aramaic meaning “lady” or “mistress”) appears in the gospel of Luke as the sister of Mary (Luke 10:38–42). She reappears in the gospel of John as the sister of Mary and Lazarus (John 11:1–12:11). The family were inhabitants of Bethany, a town located
Mary (Person)
MARY (PERSON) [Gk Maria (Μαρια); Mariam (Μαριαμ)]. The name of six or seven women mentioned in the NT. The name derives from Heb miryām.1. The mother of Jesus. See MARY, MOTHER OF JESUS.2. Mary Magdalene. One of the most prominent of the Galilean women to have followed Jesus. Although none of the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Martha. Sister of Mary and Lazarus, and friend of Jesus. Martha’s family lived in Bethany, a small town on the eastern slope of the Mt of Olives. It is possible that Martha was the wife of Simon the leper.Luke gives an account of an incident concerning Martha when she was busy preparing and serving
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
2. The brother of Mary and Martha. He appears only in the Gospel of John, although Luke mentions his sisters. The family lived in Bethany on the southeast side of the Mt. of Olives, about 3 km (13/4; mi) from Jerusalem (15 stadia, Jn. 11:18). They were apparently well-to-do, since Lazarus had a private
Martha mär̀thə [Gk. Martha < Aram mārtāʾ—‘lady’ or ‘mistress (of the house)’]. A friend of Jesus; the sister of Mary and Lazarus, who lived in Bethany (Lk. 10:38–39; Jn. 11:1f, 18f, 39; 12:2). Although Luke may appear to locate Martha’s house in southern Galilee, the central section of his Gospel
2. Mary the sister of Martha and Lazarus, who all lived in Bethany. Two striking characteristics of her are set forth in the Gospels. (1) She had a contemplative nature. Luke reports that on one occasion when Jesus stopped at their home, Mary sat at His feet listening to Jesus while Martha was busy as
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
MARTHA Sister of Mary and Lazarus, and friend of Jesus. Martha’s family lived in Bethany, a small town on the eastern slope of the Mt of Olives.Luke gives an account of an incident concerning Martha when she was busy preparing and serving food while her sister, Mary, was listening to Jesus. Martha complained
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
Lazarus (laz´uh-ruhs).1 A character in a parable told by Jesus in Luke 16:19–31. The mere fact that he has a name is notable, since he is the only character in any of Jesus’s parables to be named. In the parable, Lazarus is a poor man who dies outside the gate of a rich man and is carried by angels
Martha (mahr´thuh; Aramaic, “lady” or “mistress”; feminine of mar, “lord”), a close friend and follower of Jesus as attested by Luke and John. According to Luke 10:38–42 Martha invited Jesus into her home, where she appeared to be the head of the household. She is described as “distracted by her many
Mary (mair´ee; GK. Maria or Mariam; Heb. marah, “bitter” or “grieved,” or miryam, “rebellion”), a name borne by seven women in the nt, unless two or more are identical.1 Mary, the mother of Jesus. See Mary, Virgin.2 Mary of Bethany, the sister of Martha and Lazarus (Luke 10:38–39; John 11:1). She appears
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
MARTHA. Mentioned by name only in Luke and John. Martha was a member of the famous family group which included, besides herself, her sister Mary and her brother Lazarus. Martha figures in three incidents, in each of which our Lord also appears. In Lk 10:38–42 she is placed in contrast to Mary. Martha
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Lazarus of Bethany
LAZARUS OF BETHANY. Students of the NT know well the two sisters of the Bethany home, but they know nothing whatever about the character and the temperament of Lazarus. The theory that he may be identified with the rich young ruler is nothing more than a flight of fancy. (This theory first occurs in
MARTHA. The name derives from an Aram. form not found in Heb., meaning ‘lady’ or ‘mistress’. It occurs only in the NT, and is used of only one person (Lk. 10:38–41; Jn. 11:1, 5, 19–39; 12:2). Martha was the sister of the Mary who anointed our Lord shortly before his death (Mt. 26:6ff., and parallels);
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Martha (Gk. Mártha)Along with her sister Mary and her brother Lazarus, a close friend and disciple of Jesus (John 11:5). Martha (from Aram. mārṯāʾ, “lady”) appears early in the Gospels as a worried host preoccupied with preparing a meal for Jesus. Her sister had chosen to listen to Jesus’ teachings
Mary (Gk. Marɩ́a, Mariám)1. Mary the mother of Jesus. Biographical information regarding Mary is limited. According to Luke, her home is the insignificant Galilean village of Nazareth (Luke 1:26), but Matthew places her in Nazareth only after the birth of Jesus (Matt. 2:1, 23). Both Matthew and Luke
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Martha [märˊthə] (Gk. Martha, from Aram. mārṯā˒ “mistress, hostess” [fem. form of mar “lord, master”]).† The sister of Mary and Lazarus (Luke 10:38–39; John 11:1, 21). In all three accounts of visits of Jesus with Martha, she takes a leading role—as a homeowner and hostess (Luke 10:38–40;
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Jesus and paulThe relationship between Jesus and Paul poses a historical question with huge theological ramifications. Is Paul’s theology in harmony and continuity with the teaching and ministry of Jesus, or is there an unbridgeable gulf between them? It is generally held that, if it is to merit the