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Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Judas Iscariot
Judas Iscariot (Ἰούδας Ἰσκαριώθ, Ioudas Iskariōth). One of Jesus’ 12 disciples. Betrayed Jesus and assisted the authorities in capturing Him.
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Judas (Person)
JUDAS (PERSON) [Gk Ioudas (Ἰουδας)]. Greek form of the Hebrew name Judah.1. See JUDAS MACCABEUS.2. Son of Chalphi, and a commander of the army of Jonathan, who along with Mattathias the son of Absalom, remained faithful to Jonathan when the rest of his army deserted him (1 Macc 11:70). At the outset
Judas Iscariot
JUDAS ISCARIOT. One of the twelve disciples of Jesus, possibly from Judea, who served as treasurer of the itinerant group. His name always appears last in the lists of the Twelve and he is described as assisting the authorities in capturing Jesus. Judas Iscariot is mentioned twenty times in the four
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Judas Iscariot
Judas Iscariot joo̅ʹdəs is-karʹē-ət [Gk. Ioudas Iskariōtēs]. One of Jesus’ twelve disciples. I. NameA. Man of KeriothB. Man of the LieC. DyerD. Dagger Bearer II. The StoryA. DifficultiesB. Interpretation
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Iscariot
Iscariot (is-kair´ee-uht), the surname of Judas, the disciple who betrayed Jesus (Matt. 26:14–16; 47–49). Various interpretations of the name have been suggested, including “the assassin” (from Lat. sicarius, a term applied to Judean rebels who used daggers to kill Romans and their sympathizers). This
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
Judas
Judas (joo´duhs; Gk. for Heb. Judah).1 Judas Maccabeus, the third of the five sons of Mattathias. The nickname Maccabeus, which was also used for his followers (the Maccabees), probably derives from a word for “hammer.” After Antiochus IV Epiphanes polluted the temple in 167 bce, Mattathias moved with
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Judas Iscariot
Judas Iscariot (Gk. Ioúdas ho Iskarîtēs)Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve and the betrayer of Jesus. His surname was probably given to distinguish him from others named Judas in Jewish and Christian history. Various interpretations of the name have been suggested: “the assassin” (from the band of
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Jesus
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Judas Iscariot
Judas iscariotOne of the twelve apostles*, to be distinguished from another apostle (one of the Twelve?) who was also called Judas (Jn 14:22), he is three times identified as the son of Simon (Jn 6:71; 13:2, 26). Since Simon is also called Iscariot, and Iscariot is further explained by the addition
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Jesus
Jesus and paulThe relationship between Jesus and Paul poses a historical question with huge theological ramifications. Is Paul’s theology in harmony and continuity with the teaching and ministry of Jesus, or is there an unbridgeable gulf between them? It is generally held that, if it is to merit the
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