The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cross; Crucify
Cross; Crucify [Gk. staurós, vb. stauróō]. No word has become more universally known than this, because the history of the world since the death of Christ has been decisively shaped by that epoch-making event. The principal content of the Christian religion is symbolized in this one word. I. Meaning
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
cross (Gk. stauros), an ancient instrument of torture and execution. The use of an upright stake (also stauros) to display a corpse or to torture or execute a person was widespread in the first millennium bce, especially in times of war. The Hebrew Bible does not mention the stake or cross as a mode
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CROSS. An upright post with horizontal beam fastened across it near the top of which convicted persons were executed in the Roman world.Forms. (1) Crux simplex, the simple cross, namely, a single post or upright stake; (2) crux commissa or crux humilus, St. Anthony’s, in the shape of a tau or “T”; (3)
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Cross, Crucifixion
CROSS, CRUCIFIXION. The Gk. word for ‘cross (stauros; verb stauroō; Lat. crux, crucifigo, ‘I fasten to a cross’) means primarily an upright stake or beam, and secondarily a stake used as an instrument for punishment and execution. It is used in this latter sense in the NT. The noun occurs 28 times and
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CrossIn the NT the Cross does not simply represent the instrument of Jesus’ death but evokes a wide range of kerygmatic and theological affirmations. The Cross should not be isolated from the total Christ event, the death and resurrection—understood as the saving act of God (Rom. 4:24–25; 6:4–5; 2 Cor.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
CROSS (Gk. staurós; Lat. crux), CRUCIFIXION (cf. stauróō “crucify”). † Use of an upright stake as an instrument of torture and execution attained particular significance as the culmination of Christ’s persecution and thus as a symbol of his atonement for mankind.Crucifixion is first attested
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Cross, Theology of The
Cross, theology of the“We preach Christ crucified” (1 Cor 1:23). The centrality of the cross to Paul’s proclamation of the gospel is captured in this enormously suggestive phrase from the Corinthian correspondence. Since the early sixteenth century, the phrase “theology of the cross” has come to be
Catholic Bible Dictionary
CROSS An instrument of torture and execution reserved by the Romans for the worst criminals (see Crucifixion), and the symbol of Christian faith in the redeeming death of Jesus Christ. In the Gospels the Cross is the literal instrument of Jesus’s death, but it also takes on the metaphorical meaning of
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Cross, Theology of the
Cross, Theology of theFor Christianity generally, the “theology of the cross” (or theologia crucis) has been the criterion by which all Christian thinking and living are tested. The cross is seen as the sole ground of salvation, the starting point of all authentic Christian thought and the indispensable
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