The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Crime An overview of crime and crime laws in the ancient Near Eastern and Roman world of the Bible.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Punishments and Crimes (OT and ANE)
PUNISHMENTS AND CRIMES (OT AND ANE). Analysis of ANE concepts of criminal offenses and their punishment as reflected in the cuneiform and biblical traditions of jurisprudence.A. Background and Sources1. Date2. Ideology3. ContextB. Theoretical BasisC. Public Offenses1. Apostasy2. Blasphemy3.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Crime; Crimes
Crime; Crimes [Heb. ‘āwōn] (Dt. 19:15); AV INIQUITY; [ḥēṭ] (21:22); AV SIN; NEB OFFENCE; [rāʾâ] (Jgs. 9:56); AV WICKEDNESS; [neḇālâ] (20:10); AV FOLLY; NEB OUTRAGE; [ʾāwen] (Ps. 56:7 [MT 8]); AV INIQUITY; NEB emends; [‘ôlōṯ] (64:6 [MT 7]); AV INIQUITIES; NEB omits; [Gk. aítion] (Lk.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Crime and Punishment
CRIME AND PUNISHMENT. A crime is an act or omission that violates the law forbidding such an act. Punishment (q.v.) imposes a penalty on the one responsible for the crime. Crime in the secular sense is regarded as an offense against society, and punishment ensues in the name of society. However, in biblical
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Crime and Punishment
CRIME AND PUNISHMENT. Crime and punishment can be taken either in the juridical or in the religious sense, the latter in one way closely related to the former. We have thus to investigate the meaning of both to get a clear conception of our subject. The combination of crime and punishment in a strictly
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Crime, Crimes
Crime, CrimesThis English term denotes, in legal contexts, a serious, intentional violation of the order of society, subject to retaliatory sanctions. A society declares through its organs of sovereignty that certain acts are so injurious to it that the perpetrator should suffer proportionately to the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Crime. *A violation of community standards, considered so serious as to constitute an offense against the well-being of society. Because in ancient Israel laws (including precedents determined through local practice) were accorded divine sanction, crimes—whether against persons or property—were regarded
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CRIME — any act forbidden by civil law and punishable upon conviction. As used in the Bible, however, the word crime refers to any act against God’s moral law as well as any transgression against God, or people, or both (Judg. 9:24; Ezek. 7:23; Acts 18:14). Specific crimes prohibited in the Bible include
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Crime and Punishment
Crime and PunishmentThe crime-and-punishment motif makes up a small library of the world’s literature, and we could predict that it would loom large in a book as concerned with evil and its consequences as the Bible. Crime-and-punishment stories follow a simple format: the antecedents, the occurrence
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CRIME; CRIMES<krim>, <krimz>: This. term is used in English as the equivalent of the Hebrew [מִשְׁפָּט‎, mishpaT], “judgment,” “verdict” (Ezekiel 7:23); [זִמָּה‎, zimmah], “a heinous crime” (Job 31:11); [אָשָׁם‎, ’asham] = “a fault,” “sin” (Genesis 26:10, English Versions of the Bible “guiltiness”);
Compton’s Encyclopedia
crimeIf it is against criminal law, it is a crime. It is societies acting through their governments that make the rules declaring what acts are illegal. Hence, war is not a crime. Although it is the most violent of human activities, it has not been declared illegal by governments or their agencies.
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
crime, criminality. As a civil or legal concept, an act that is committed in violation of a public *law or statute that prohibits precisely such an act. Crime may also be used as the collective designation of such violations. Criminality, in turn, is the quality of being oriented toward committing crime.