Avarice • Concupiscence
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Covetousness. The desire to have something for oneself, a craving or passionate desire. Three Hebrew words are translated “covet” in the OT. In one recital of the Ten Commandments (Dt 5:21) the text reads, “You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.” The same Hebrew word occurs in Proverbs 21:26: “All
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Covet; Covetousness
Covet; Covetousness [Heb. ḥāmaḏ, also ’āwâ (Prov. 21:26), ’āhēḇ (Ps. 34:12), beṣa‘ (Isa. 57:17); Gk. pleonexía, pleonéktēs (Eph. 5:5), epithymía, epithyméō, zēlóō (Jas. 4:2)]; AV also DESIRE (Dt. 5:21; 7:25), DESIRE TO HAVE (Jas. 4:2), LOVE (Ps. 34:12), LUST (Rom. 7:7), CONCUPISCENCE
Concupiscence The AV for Gk. epithymía in Rom. 7:8 (RSV “covetousness”); Col. 3:5 (RSV “desire”); and 1 Thess. 4:5 (páthos epithymías, AV “lust of concupiscence”; RSV “passion of lust”). See Covet.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Covet, Covetousness
COVET, COVETOUSNESS* The desire to have something for oneself that belongs to another—a craving or passionate desire. Three Hebrew words are translated “covet” in the OT (see rsv). In one recital of the Ten Commandments (Dt 5:21) the text reads, “You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.” The same Hebrew
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
COVETOUSNESS. The tenth commandment forbids covetousness of all sorts when it speaks of a neighbor’s house, wife, servant, cattle, draft animal, and of any of his possessions (Ex 20:17). The NT declares covetousness to be a form of idolatry (Col 3:5) or worship of goods and possessions, and condemns
CONCUPISCENCE. A term used theologically to express the evil desires and lusts which beset fallen man (Rom 7:8; Col 3:5; 1 Thess 4:5).There exists a great difference of opinion among Roman Catholics over the nature of this word, and between Catholics in general and Protestants. Augustine confined it
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
COVETOUSNESS. The Hebrews visualized the soul as full of vigorous desires which urged it to extend its influence over other persons and things. There was ḥāmaḏ, to desire a neighbour’s possessions (Dt. 5:21; Mi. 2:2), beṣa‘, the desire for dishonest gain (Pr. 28:16; Je. 6:13) and ’āwâ, selfish
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
concupiscence. In moral theology the inordinate desire for temporal ends which has its seat in the senses. The notion of concupiscence has its biblical foundations esp. in the teaching of St *Paul (Rom. 7:7 ff., etc.) and was developed by St *Augustine in his struggle against *Pelagianism. Acc. to
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
COVETOUSNESS (Heb. ḥāmad, to “desire”; beṣa˓, “dishonest gain”; Gk. pleoneksia, “the wish to have more”). An inordinate desire for what one has not; in NASB this word is translated “greed”; its basis lies in discontentment with what one has. It has an element of lawlessness and is sinful because it
CONCUPISCENCE (Gk. ˒epithumia, a “longing,” Rom. 7:8; Col. 3:5; 1 Thess 4:5). A KJV term referring to evil desire, generally in the sense of indwelling sin. The NASB renders “coveting,” “evil desire,” and “lustful passion.” The NIV translates “covetous desire,” “evil desires,” and “passionate lust.”
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Covetousnessa strong desire after the possession of worldly things (Col. 3:5; Eph. 5:5; Heb. 13:5; 1 Tim. 6:9, 10; Matt. 6:20). It assumes sometimes the more aggravated form of avarice, which is the mark of cold-hearted worldliness.
Concupiscencedesire, Rom. 7:8 (R.V., “coveting”); Col. 3:5 (R.V., “desire”). The “lust of concupiscence” (1 Thess. 4:5; R.V., “passion of lust”) denotes evil desire, indwelling sin.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
COVETOUSNESS — an intense desire to possess something (or someone) that belongs to another person. The Ten Commandments prohibit this attitude (Ex. 20:17; Deut. 5:21). Covetousness springs from a greedy self-centeredness and an arrogant disregard of God’s law. The Bible repeatedly warns against this
CONCUPISCENCE — strong, passionate desire, especially sexual desire or lust. This word is found three times in the KJV (Rom. 7:8; Col. 3:5; 1 Thess. 4:5). Various modern translations have evil desire (Rom. 7:8; NKJV; Col. 3:5, NKJV), passionate lust (1 Thess. 4:5, NIV), covetousness (Rom. 7:8, NRSV),
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
COVETOUSNESS<kuv’-et-us-nes>: Has a variety of shades of meaning determined largely by the nature of the particular word used, or the context, or both. Following are some of the uses:1. To gain dishonestly ([בָּצַע‎, batsà]), e.g. the King James Version Exodus 18:21; Ezekiel 33:31.2. The wish
CONCUPISCENCE<kon-ku’-pi-sens> ([ἐπιθυμία, epithumia]): Not used in the Revised Version (British and American), but in the King James Version, Romans 7:8; Colossians 3:5; 1 Thessalonians 4:5. The Greek noun, like the verb from which it comes, meaning “to yearn,” “to long,” “to have the
A Catholic Dictionary
concupiscence. Concupiscence according to St. Thomas, 1, 2, qu. 30 a.2, is the appetite which tends to the gratification of the senses (“bonum delectabile absens”). This tendency is in itself neither good nor evil, because the object may be either lawful or unlawful. The desire of eating and drinking
Key passages
Ex 20:17

“You shall not covet the house of your neighbor; you will not covet the wife of your neighbor or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that is your neighbor’s.”

Jos 7:21

I saw among the spoil a beautiful robe from Shinar, two hundred shekels of silver, and one bar of gold that weighed fifty shekels; I coveted them and took them. They are hidden in the ground inside my tent, and the silver is under it.”

Lk 12:15

And he said to them, “Watch out and guard yourselves from all greediness, because not even when someone has an abundance does his life consist of his possessions.”

1 Ti 6:9–10

But those who want to be rich fall into temptation and a trap and many foolish and harmful desires, which plunge those people into ruin and destruction. For the love of money is a root of all evil, by which some, because they desire it, have gone astray from the faith and have pierced themselves …

See also
Topics & Themes