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Covenant
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A sacred kinship bond between two parties, ratified by swearing an oath. Covenant making was a widespread custom throughout the ancient Near East and Graeco-Roman culture, serving as a means to forge sociopolitical bonds between individuals or groups. God’s covenants are prominent in every period of salvation history. Divine covenants reveal the saving plan of God for establishing communion with Israel and the nations, ultimately fulfilled by the death and resurrection of Christ.An inadequate rendering of “covenant” as “testament” may obscure the theological meaning of the division of salvation history—and the biblical canon—into the old and new covenants. Covenant language is more prominent in the Old Testament, which reflects its futuristic character as “a story in search of an ending.” The language of divine kinship (e.g., “father,” “son”) emerges in the New Testament, because Christ’s fulfillment of the Old Covenant forges familial bonds of divine communion with all humanity.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Covenant
Covenant (בְּרִית‎, berith; διαθήκη, diathēkē). A sacred kinship bond between two parties, ratified by swearing an oath. Covenant making was a widespread custom throughout the ancient Near East and Graeco-Roman culture, serving as a means to forge sociopolitical bonds between individuals or groups. God’s
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Covenant
COVENANT. A “covenant” is an agreement enacted between two parties in which one or both make promises under oath to perform or refrain from certain actions stipulated in advance. As indicated by the designation of the two sections of the Christian Bible—Old Testament (= covenant) and New Testament—“covenant”
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Covenant
Covenant. Arrangement between two parties involving mutual obligations; especially the arrangement that established the relationship between God and his people, expressed in grace first with Israel and then with the church. Through that covenant God has conveyed to humanity the meaning of human life
Alliance
Alliance. Close association of powerful individuals or nations for a common objective. Such alliances were ratified by various means, including gifts, oaths, dowries and marriages, and covenants.In patriarchal times Israelites entered into alliances with foreign nations without hesitation. Abraham had
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Covenant (NT)
Covenant (NT) [Gk. diathḗkē]; AV also TESTAMENT (Mt. 26:28 par; 1 Cor. 11:25; 2 Cor. 3:6, 14; He. 7:22; 9:15ff; Rev. 11:19); cf. NEB at Gal. 3:17; He. 9:15. The choice of Gk. diathḗkē in the LXX to render Heb. berîṯ seems to have been occasioned by a recognition that the covenant which God
Covenant (OT)
Covenant (OT) [Heb. berîṯ; Gk. diathḗkē, also synthé̄kē, entolḗ]; AV also LEAGUE (Josh. 9:6–16; Jgs. 2:2; 2 S. 3:12f, 21; 5:3); NEB also TREATY (e.g., Josh. 9), COMPACT (2 Ch. 23:3), SOLEMN COMPACT (1 S. 18:3), “come to terms” (RSV “make a covenant,” 2 S. 3:12f; Job 31:1), AGREEMENT (2 K.
Alliance
Alliance [Heb. berîṯ, cf. Akk. birit—‘betweenness,’ ‘mutuality’]. A covenant, treaty, or agreement, generally between tribes, states, or nations. There are two types of alliance: (1) parity, in which the two parties are more or less of equal status, and (2) suzerainty, in which a dominant party
Compact
Compact [Heb. berîṯ] (2 Ch. 23:1); AV COVENANT; NEB AGREEMENT. The word here used of the alliance made by Jehoiada the priest with the military commanders, in plotting against Athaliah, is the same word used for “covenant” throughout the OT, indicating that these men made a solemn contract.
Treaty
Treaty [Heb. berîṯ—‘arrangement’ (1 S. 11:1; 1 K. 5:12 [MT 26])]; AV COVENANT, LEAGUE (1 K. 5:12); NEB “come to terms” (1 S. 11:1f), ALLIANCE. In 1 S. 11:2 the context supplies “treaty” in the RSV. International relations between two countries were usually regulated by treaties in the ancient Near
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Covenant
COVENANT Arrangement between two parties involving mutual obligations; especially the arrangement that established the relationship between God and his people, expressed in grace first with Israel and then with the church. Through that covenant God has conveyed to humanity the meaning of human life and
Alliance
ALLIANCE Close association of powerful individuals or nations for a common objective. Such alliances were ratified by various means, including gifts, oaths, dowries and marriages, and covenants.In patriarchal times Israelites entered into alliances with foreign nations without hesitation. Abraham had
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Covenant
covenant (Heb. berit), a formal agreement or treaty between two parties in which each assumes some obligation. In the Bible, a covenant might be a pact of mutuality between two individuals, such as Laban and Jacob (Gen. 31:44–54) or David and Jonathan (1 Sam. 18:3; 23:18), or a covenant between a husband
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Covenant
COVENANT. In Heb, “covenant” is designated brı̂t, and brı̂t kārat signifies “to make (lit., ‘cut’) a covenant.” In Gr. the term is diathēkē (which can mean both “pact” and “last will and testament”), and the verb diatithēmi (cf. Acts 3:25; Heb 8:10; 9:16; 10:16).A covenant is an agreement between
Alliance
ALLIANCE. Although this word does not occur in the KJV or ASV, it does appear four times in the RSV. Its basic idea is conveyed by the Heb. Noun brı̂t meaning “league,” “confederacy,” “covenant”; the verbs ḥātan, meaning “affinity,” “join in marriage”; and nûah, meaning “to be at rest,” “to be confederate”;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Covenant
CovenantA solemn agreement between two or more parties, made binding by some sort of oath (cf. Ger. Bund). What is mutually agreed upon is usually the future conduct of one or both of the parties concerned. “Covenant”-type relationships were ubiquitous in antiquity, and in the Bible they are undoubtedly
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Covenant
Covenant. †An agreement between two or more parties outlining mutual rights and responsibilities.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Covenant
COVENANT A kinship bond between two parties, with conditions or obligations, established by an oath or its equivalent. Covenants were ubiquitous in the ancient Near East as well as Greco-Roman culture as a means to forge and maintain relationships between individuals, families, tribes, and even nations.
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Covenant, New Covenant
Covenant, New Covenant“Covenant” implies relationship, promise and expectation. Within the biblical tradition the covenant points to the unique relationship Yahweh established with the world through Israel, Yahweh’s immutable and sacred pledge of faithfulness to this special relationship and Yahweh’s
Key passages
Ge 9:8–17

And God said to Noah and to his sons with him, “As for me, behold, I am establishing my covenant with you and with your seed after you, and with every living creature that is with you—the birds, the animals, and every animal of the earth with you, from all that came out of the ark to all …

Ge 15:1–21

After these things the word of Yahweh came to Abram in a vision, saying: “Do not be afraid, Abram; I am your shield, and your reward shall be very great.” Then Abram said, “O Yahweh, my Lord, what will you give me? I continue to be childless, and my heir …

Ex 19:4–8

‘You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and I brought you to me. And now if you will carefully listen to my voice and keep my covenant, you will be a treasured possession for me out of all the peoples, for all the earth is mine, but you, you will …

2 Sa 7:8–16

So then, thus you shall say to my servant David, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts, “I took you from the pasture from following the sheep to be a leader over my people, over Israel, and I have been with you everywhere you went. I have cut off all of your enemies from in front of you, and I will …

Je 31:31–34

Look, the days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “and I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their ancestors on the day of my grasping them by their hand, bringing them out from the land of Egypt, my covenant …

Mt 26:27–28

And after taking the cup and giving thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

Heb 8:1–13

Now this is the main point in what has been said: we have a high priest such as this, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, a minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord set up, not man. For every …

See also
Ge 2:8–25; Ge 6:13–9:17; Ge 12:1–9; Ge 13:1–18; Ge 15:1–21; Ge 17:1–18:33; Ge 21:8–22:19; Ge 23:1–20; Ge 26:1–35; Ge 28:10–22; Ge 31:43–55; Ge 50:22–26; Ex 2:11–25; Ex 5:22–6:13; Ex 19:1–25; Ex 23:20–24:8; Ex 25:10–22; Ex 31:12–33:6; Ex 34:10–28; Le 2:1–16; Le 24:5–9; Le 26:1–46; Nu 18:8–20; Nu 25:1–18; Nu 32:1–27; Dt 1:1–8; Dt 4:1–40; Dt 5:1–22; Dt 6:10–11:32; Dt 14:1–2; Dt 16:18–17:13; Dt 26:16–19; Dt 29:1–29; Dt 30:11–20; Dt 31:14–29; Dt 33:1–34:12; Jos 7:10–26; Jos 9:1–27; Jos 23:1–24:28; Jdg 2:1–6; Jdg 2:11–23; Ru 4:1–12; 1 Sa 18:1–16; 1 Sa 20:1–42; 1 Sa 23:14–29; 2 Sa 3:6–21; 2 Sa 5:1–5; 2 Sa 7:1–17; 2 Sa 21:1–14; 2 Sa 23:1–7; 1 Ki 5:1–18; 1 Ki 8:14–53; 1 Ki 11:26–40; 1 Ki 15:1–24; 1 Ki 20:31–34; 2 Ki 11:4–21; 2 Ki 13:22–25; 2 Ki 17:5–41; 2 Ki 19:20–34; 2 Ki 23:1–25; 1 Ch 11:1–3; 1 Ch 16:7–36; 1 Ch 17:1–27; 2 Ch 5:2–6:42; 2 Ch 7:12–22; 2 Ch 13:1–14:1; 2 Ch 15:1–16:6; 2 Ch 18:1–27; 2 Ch 23:1–21; 2 Ch 29:3–19; 2 Ch 33:1–9; 2 Ch 34:29–33; Ezr 10:1–17; Ne 1:1–11; Ne 9:1–10:39; Ne 13:4–31; Job 41:1–34; Ps 25:1–22; Ps 44:1–26; Ps 50:1–23; Ps 55:1–23; Ps 74:1–23; Ps 78:1–55; Ps 89:1–52; Ps 103:1–22; Ps 105:1–22; Ps 106:24–48; Ps 111:1–10; Ps 132:1–18; Pr 2:1–22; Is 24:1–23; Is 28:1–22; Is 30:1–7; Is 33:1–9; Is 37:21–35; Is 42:1–9; Is 49:1–13; Is 54:1–56:8; Is 59:16–21; Is 61:1–11; Je 11:1–17; Je 14:19–22; Je 21:11–22:10; Je 31:31–40; Je 32:26–44; Je 33:19–26; Je 34:8–22; Je 50:1–20; Eze 16:1–14; Eze 16:44–17:21; Eze 20:33–44; Eze 34:11–31; Eze 37:15–28; Eze 44:4–9; Da 9:1–27; Da 11:5–39; Ho 2:14–23; Ho 6:4–7:10; Ho 8:1–14; Ho 10:1–15; Ho 11:12–12:14; Am 1:3–2:3; Am 9:11–15; Hag 2:1–9; Zec 9:11–17; Zec 11:4–17; Mal 2:1–3:7; Mt 21:1–11; Mt 22:41–46; Mt 26:26–29; Mk 12:35–37; Mk 14:22–25; Lk 1:26–33; Lk 1:67–80; Lk 20:39–47; Lk 22:19–20; Ac 1:4–8; Ac 2:14–39; Ac 3:11–26; Ac 7:1–8; Ac 7:17–36; Ac 13:13–41; Ac 15:6–21; Ro 1:1–7; Ro 4:9–25; Ro 9:1–13; Ro 11:11–36; 1 Co 11:23–26; 2 Co 3:1–18; Ga 3:1–9; Ga 3:15–18; Ga 3:26–4:7; Ga 4:21–31; Eph 2:11–13; 2 Ti 2:1–13; Tt 1:1–4; Heb 6:13–20; Heb 7:20–9:5; Heb 9:11–22; Heb 10:11–18; Heb 10:26–39; Heb 11:8–12; Heb 11:17–22; Heb 12:18–24; Heb 13:20–25; Re 11:15–19; Re 22:12–17;