Boldness or bravery.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Courage; Courageous
Courage; Courageous In the OT the main words for “be courageous,” “be of good courage,” etc., are Heb. ḥāzaq and ’āmaṣ, both of which have the basic meaning “be strong (firm, hard).” For ḥāzaq the AV has “encouraged themselves” (Jgs. 20:22), “be strong” (1 S. 4:9; 2 Ch. 15:7; Dnl. 10:19; Hag.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
courage. The Bible contains numerous exhortations for people to “take courage” in a variety of contexts (1 Sam. 4:9; 2 Chron. 15:7; Pss. 27:14; 37:24; Isa. 41:6; Hag. 2:4; cf. 1 Chron. 22:13; 28:20; 2 Chron. 32:7). Examples of those who do this include the Israelites, in their fight against Benjamin
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
COURAGE. The Heb. word ḥāzaq means literally ‘to show oneself strong’. Other words, e.g. rûaḥ, ‘spirit’ (Jos. 2:11), lēḇāḇ, ‘heart’ (Dn. 11:25) and ’āmaṣ, ‘to be quick’ or ‘alert’, exhibit the basic attitude from which courage flows. Courage is, therefore, a quality of the mind, and, as such,
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Couragecourage, the resolve to meet danger with strength, daring, and confidence; it is manifested by Israel’s ‘men of valor’ (or ‘men of courage,’ Josh. 1:14; 8:3). Other expressions for courage are found in the ot (e.g., Deut. 31:7; Josh. 2:11; 1 Sam. 17:32; 2 Sam. 10:12; Dan. 11:25) and in the nt
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
COURAGE — the strength of purpose that enables one to withstand fear or difficulty. Physical courage is based on moral courage—a reliance on the presence and power of God and a commitment to His commandments (Josh. 1:6–7, 9, 18; 23:6; 2 Chr. 19:11).
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
CourageThe Bible supplies us with a rich store of images for courage. This is no surprise, since the Bible is about small people accomplishing great deeds with God’s help. The images of courage are as various as the mighty deeds celebrated in the biblical canon.The vocabulary of courage is especially
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
COURAGE<kur’-aj>: Hebrew chazaq, “to show oneself strong” (Numbers 13:20; 2 Samuel 10:12; 1 Chronicles 19:13; 2 Chronicles 15:8; Ezra 10:4; Psalm 27:14; 31:24; Isaiah 41:6); ruach, “spirit,” “animus” (Joshua 2:11 the King James Version); ’amats, “to be alert” (physically and
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Bravʹe-ry, a term used in our English Version only in its early sense of finery (Isa. 3:18).
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
courage. A *virtue that entails the capability to endure, resist or alter adversity. Together with *wisdom, *justice and *temperance, *courage (or *fortitude)—defined as the ability to act according to reason in the face of fear—is numbered among the four *cardinal virtues of ancient Greek thought. The
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
COURAGE.—ἀνδρίζομαι, the Gr. equivalent for Heb. חָוַק and אָמַץ is not found in the Gospels, and, except in 1 Co 16:13, not in the NT. The valour of the battlefield, so often commended in the OT, nowhere tomes into view. Christ’s kingdom is not of this world. It does not call for the prowess of the
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
courage. Strength of spirit that enables a person to face and withstand fear and difficulty. Courage generally is acknowledged to be a human virtue. It is one of the four fundamental virtues discriminated by the Greeks and one of the seven catalogued by the Christian moralists of the Middle Ages.A proper
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
COURAGE, kurʹā̇j: Heb ḥāzak, “to show oneself strong” (Nu 13:20; 2 S 10:12; 1 Ch 19:13; 2 Ch 15:8; Ezr 10:4; Ps 27:14; 31:24; Isa 41:6); a, “spirit,” “animus” (Josh 2:11 AV); ’āmaç, “to be alert” (physically and mentally), “to be agile,” “quick,” “energetic” (Dt 31:6, 7, 23; Josh 1:6, 9, 18;
Key passages
Jos 1:6–9

Be strong and courageous, for you will give the people this land as an inheritance that I swore to their ancestors to give them. Only be strong and very courageous to observe diligently the whole law that Moses my servant commanded you. Do not turn aside from it, to the right or left, so that …

1 Sa 17:45–47

Then David said to the Philistine, “You are coming to me with a sword and with a spear and with a javelin, but I am coming to you in the name of Yahweh of hosts, the God of the battle lines of Israel, whom you have defied! This day Yahweh will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you down …

Ps 27:1–3

Yahweh is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? Yahweh is the refuge of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? When evildoers drew near against me to eat my flesh— my adversaries and my enemies who drew near to me— they themselves stumbled and fell. Though an army encamp against me, …

Ac 4:13–20

Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and understood that they were uneducated and untrained men, they were astonished, and recognized them, that they had been with Jesus. And because they saw the man who had been healed standing there with them, they had nothing to say in return. …

Php 1:12–14

Now I want you to know, brothers, that my circumstances have happened instead for the progress of the gospel, so that my imprisonment in Christ has become known in the whole praetorium and to all the rest, and most of the brothers, trusting in the Lord because …

See also
Topics & Themes