The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
CouncilIvory cosmetic container or ointment spoon with handle in the form of a woman. The hole between the shoulders is for insertion of the doweled head of the figure. (Megiddo, 1350–1150 b.c.) (Oriental Institute, University of Chicago)[Heb. sôḏ]; AV SECRET (Gen. 49:6; Job 15:8), ASSEMBLY (Ps.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Council, The
council, the the, a word used generically in the Bible to refer to various groups or meetings, but also employed in two more specific contexts.1 The “divine council,” a heavenly court at which God presides over “the gods” or “the holy ones,” entities that are often equated with angels or other spiritual
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
COUNCIL. This is the KJV translation for three biblical words: (1) Heb. rigmâ, “crowd,” “assembly” (Ps 68:27); (2) Gr. symboulion, “a joint council” (Mt 12:14; Acts 25:12); (3) Gr. synedrion, often transliterated “sanhedrin.” Except for Mt 10:17 and Mk 13:9, where it refers to lesser courts, the latter
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
COUNCIL. In the OT (av) the word appears once only, as a translation of Heb. riḡmâ (Ps. 68:27) in referring to ‘the princes of Judah and their council’, a general word which could be rendered ‘company’ (so av mg.) or ‘throng’ (rsv). The similar word ‘counsel’ is used in Je. 23:18, 22, av (rv, rsv ‘council’),
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CouncilThe highest court of the Jews during Jesus’ time, composed of 71 members from the priests, scribes, and “elders of the people,” and presided over by the high priest. Traditionally the council (Gk. synédrion) was thought to have begun with Moses (Num. 11:16) and revived under Ezra. It tried all
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Council. †An assembly chosen to deliberate various civic, legal, and religious matters. In the Old Testament Heb. sôḏ refers to confidential discourse (e.g., Prov. 3:32, “confidence”; so RSV, NIV; KJV “secret”) or to a group of intimates (e.g., “company of merrymakers,” Jer. 15:17), including
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
COUNCIL סודI. The noun sôd is found 23 times in the Hebrew Bible: twice in personal names, otherwise in poetry (though Ezek 13:9 may be termed high prose). Its semantic range includes ‘council, assembly; counsel, deliberation, plan(s), will; company, fellowship, friendship’—each of which may be applied
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Council. A formal meeting of bishops and representatives of several churches convened for the purpose of regulating doctrine or discipline. General or *Oecumenical Councils are assemblies of the bishops representing the whole Church. The decrees of such General Councils are held to possess the highest
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Council1. The great council of the Sanhedrin, which sat at Jerusalem. [Sanhedrin.]2. The lesser courts, Matt. 10:17; Mark 13:9, of which there were two at Jerusalem and one in each town of Palestine. The constitution of these courts is a doubtful point. The existence of local courts, however constituted,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
COUNCIL. In the OT council is the rendering of the Heb. rigmâ, lit., a “heap” (Ps. 68:27, KJV; NASB, NIV, “throng”), a group or company of persons. Two Gk. words are thus rendered in the NT:1. A consultation of persons (Matt. 12:14, sumboulion). In Acts 25:12 reference is made to a board of assessors
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Councilspoken of counsellors who sat in public trials with the governor of a province (Acts 25:12).The Jewish councils were the Sanhedrim, or supreme council of the nation, which had subordinate to it smaller tribunals (the “judgment,” perhaps, in Matt. 5:21, 22) in the cities of Palestine (Matt. 10:17;
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Councilcouncil, the English translation given in some contexts to the Greek word synedrion. In the kind of ancient villages or ethnic communities described in the biblical materials, rules were often made and enforced by a council of community leaders and elders. The Gospels occasionally refer to local
Key passages
Jdt 6:1

And when the disturbance made by the men standing around the council ceased, Holofernes, commander-in-chief of the army of Assyria, said to Achior in the presence of all the foreign people,

Sir 23:14

Remember your father and mother, for you sit in council among noble men, lest you forget yourself before them and by your habit you become foolish, and you will wish you had not been born, and you will curse the day of your birth.

Sus 28

And the lawless men fled, terrified in themselves, and they were setting snares in order that they might kill her. And they came to the synagogue of the city where they were dwelling, and they were sitting and deliberating. The people there were all sons of Israel.

1 Mac 8:15–16

And they built a senate chamber for themselves; and day by day, three hundred and twenty decide, deliberating for everyone concerning the populace to govern themselves well. And they entrust a single person to rule them each year and to be lord over all their land, and they all listen to the one …

Mt 26:57–59

Now those who had arrested Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. But Peter was following him from a distance, as far as the courtyard of the high priest. And he went inside and was sitting with the officers …

See also
4 Mac 5:1; Ps Sol 4:1;