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Cosmetics
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Refers to items used for personal beautification, such as ointment, perfumes, and eye colors (Esth 2:3; Song 1:12). Prostitutes used excessive eye paint (Jer 4:30; Ezek 23:40). The same valuable ointments and perfumes used for beautification were also used for the anointing of bodies for burial (Song 1:13; Luke 7:37; compare John 19:39–40).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cosmetics
Cosmetics (תַּמְרוּק‎, tamruq). Refers to items used for personal beautification, such as ointment, perfumes, and eye colors (Esth 2:3; Song 1:12). Prostitutes used excessive eye paint (Jer 4:30; Ezek 23:40). The same valuable ointments and perfumes used for beautification were also used for the anointing
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cosmetics
Cosmetics Numerous concoctions were employed in the ancient Near East to enhance beauty, to provide pleasant aromas, and to soothe the skin dried by the hot climate. Ointments and perfumes were the most common. Archeological excavations have recovered many cosmetic containers and applicators, but such
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Cosmetics
COSMETICS* That which is applied to the body to enhance one’s appearance.Eye paint originally served the medical purpose of preventing flies from spreading infection by settling on the eyes, especially of sleeping persons. Substances such as kohl, malachite, and stibium had astringent and antiseptic
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cosmetics
cosmetics. Products for dressing the hair or beautifying the skin were used by men and women throughout the ancient Near East, although Egyptian paintings and objects illuminate this practice best. The Egyptians as well as other nations imported a variety of cosmetics, balms, gums, and myrrh from the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Cosmetics
A bronze mirror of the Egyptian Empire period. LMCOSMETICS. Materials used for beautification. Ointments, perfumes, eye paint, and possibly henna were widely used by Egyptian and Hebrew women in biblical times (Prov 27:9; Rev 18:13). Jezebel painted her eyes (2 Kgs 9:30, RSV), and beauty applications
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cosmetics
CosmeticsIn the ancient world men and women used cosmetics much the same as they are used today: to beautify and preserve the skin, to counterpoise body odors, and to adorn the hair. Perfume is the most common cosmetic found in the OT (Esth. 2:12; Prov. 27:9), worn primarily to counteract the body’s
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Cosmetics
Cosmeticscosmetics, any of a number of products used to dress the hair or beautify the skin. Cosmetics were used by men and women throughout the ancient Near East, although Egyptian paintings and objects illuminate this practice best. The Egyptians, as well as other nations, imported a variety of cosmetics,
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Cosmetics
COSMETICS — items such as ointment, perfume, and eye paint used to enhance a person’s appearance in Bible times (Esth. 2:3; Song 1:12). The biblical writers referred to disreputable women who used excessive eye paint (Jer. 4:30; Ezek. 23:40). Ointments or perfumes were expensive substances used for personal
Compton’s Encyclopedia
cosmetics
cosmeticsThe 18th-century French aristocrat Madame de Pompadour applies lipstick, in an undated portrait.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.In an attempt to look more attractive, people in many different cultures have applied various preparations called cosmetics to their faces, bodies, or hair. Both
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Cosmetics
COSMETICS Materials used for personal care and beautification. In the ancient Near East, both men and women used cosmetics. Men primarily made use of oil, rubbing it into the hair of the head and the beard (Ps. 133:2; Eccles. 9:8). Women used cosmetic preparations which included eye paint, powders, rouge,