Capstone • Corner-stone • Headstone
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cornerstone. Term used in the NT to describe the exalted position of Jesus.Jesus used this term to speak of himself in the parable of the wicked tenants (Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:17). The setting for this parable was his final ministry in Jerusalem after he had cleansed the temple. The Jewish leaders
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cornerstone Ordinarily the term “cornerstone” is used in the Bible in a figurative or symbolical sense. No doubt the original meaning was some important stone, which was laid at the foundation of a building. With the Canaanites, who preceded Israel in the possession of Palestine, cornerstone-laying
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
CORNERSTONE Term used in the NT to describe the exalted position of Jesus.Jesus used this term to speak of himself in the parable of the wicked tenants (Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:17). The setting for this parable was his final ministry in Jerusalem after he had cleansed the temple. The Jewish leaders
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
cornerstone, most often the large stone placed in the foundation at the principal corner of a building, but occasionally (e.g., Testament of Solomon 22:7–23:4 [ca. 200 ce]) the top or final stone of a building. Most biblical occurrences of this term are metaphorical. Job 38:6 imagines God as creator
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CORNERSTONE. Either a stone tying two walls of a building together (Isa 28:16), or the keystone capping and completing the building (Ps 118:22). Figuratively, Christ’s passion and resurrection are the “cornerstone” or fulfillment of the OT (Mk 12:10 f.; Acts 4:11; 1 Pet 2:4–7; Rom 9:33; 10:11). The Church
HEADSTONE. This expression is found only in (Zech 4:7) (KJV). ASV and RSV translate “top stone”; JerusB has “keystone.” The term occurs in Zechariah’s vision in which Israel is seen as a lamp of witness, fed with the oil of the Spirit by the Priest-King Messiah.The immediate occasion was the word of
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
CORNERSTONE. The NT references draw their meaning from three passages in the OT. The first is Ps. 118:22 where the stone rejected by the builders has become ‘the head of the corner’ (Heb. rô’š pinnâ, lxx kephalē gōnias). In its original context this reflected the Psalmist’s own jubilation at his
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CornerstoneAn architectural term used in the NT as a metaphor for Christ (Matt. 21:42; Eph. 2:20; 1 Pet. 2:4–8). The NT usage of this term (Gk. akrogōniaɩ́os; kephalḗ gōnɩ́as) comes from the OT (Heb. rōʾš pinnâ; Ps. 118:22; Isa. 8:14; 28:16–17). “Cornerstone” may refer to: (1) the stone in a new
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Cornerstone. Usually a large stone supporting two walls at right angles to each other. Heb. ˒eḇen pinnâ translates as the foundation stone (Job 38:6 par. “bases”) of the earth, so to speak, and the foundation stone of Zion, and is used metaphorically for God’s word of assurance to his people (Isa.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
CORNERSTONE A foundation stone placed at the bottom corner of a building. The cornerstone was fundamental to the construction of a stable building, and hence it was used metaphorically in Scripture to describe a key person or figure (Isa 19:13; Jer 51:26; Zech 10:4). In Isa 28:16 the Lord proclaims,
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Stone, Cornerstone
Stone, Cornerstone“Stone” and “cornerstone” represent several words and phrases in the original Greek. The idea and associations of stone are thoroughly exploited in the NT, owing to the fact that they lend themselves readily to various metaphorical usages to set forth such functions of Christ as his
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Corner-stone, a quoin or corner-stone, of great importance in binding together the sides of a building. The phrase “corner-stone” is sometimes used to denote any principal person, as the princes of Egypt, Isa. 19:13, and is thus applied to our Lord. Isa. 28:16; Matt. 21:42; 1 Pet. 2:6, 7.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
CORNERSTONE (Job 38:6; Isa. 28:16). The stone at the corner of two walls that unites them; specifically, the stone built into one corner of the foundation of an edifice as the actual or nominal starting point of a building. From a comparison of passages we find mention of “a costly cornerstone for the
HEADSTONE. In Zech. 4:7 (KJV; NASB, “top stone”; NIV, “capstone”) Christ, under the symbolism of a stone, is presented as the head of the corner (Acts 4:11; 1 Pet. 2:7). The whole company of believers is viewed as a building of God, composed of living stones, Christ being the cornerstone (Eph. 2:19–22).
Key passages
Ps 118:22

The stone the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone.

Is 28:16–17

Therefore the Lord Yahweh says this: “Look! I am laying a stone in Zion, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone, a founded foundation: ‘The one who trusts will not panic.’ And I will make justice the measuring line, and righteousness the plumb line; and hail will sweep away the refuge …

Ac 4:10–12

let it be known to all of you and to all the people of Israel that by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead—by him this man stands before you healthy! This one is the stone that was rejected by you, the builders, that has become the cornerstone. …

Eph 2:19–22

Consequently, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but you are fellow citizens of the saints and members of the household of God, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone, in whom the whole building, joined together, …

1 Pe 2:4–8

to whom you are drawing near, a living stone rejected by men but chosen and precious in the sight of God. And you yourselves, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. For it stands …

See also
Topics & Themes