Chrismation • Confirm
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
CONFIRMATION. 1. Gk. bebaiōsis (Phil. 1:7; Heb. 6:16) is thus rendered, meaning ‘a making firm’ and ‘a valid ratification’, respectively. In the OT seven Heb. roots are translated by ‘affirm’, ‘make firm’, ‘reaffirm’, ‘confirm’ (e.g. Is. 35:3; Est. 9:32). In the NT four Gk. Verbs are similarly used.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
ConfirmationThe practice of the early Church, well established only by the 3rd century, to anoint with oil and lay hands upon those emerging from baptismal waters for the impartation of the Holy Spirit. Scriptural justification for this dual act was found in Mark 1:10, where the Holy Spirit descended
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Confirmation. *A rite fulfilling the vow or acknowledging and renewing the sacrament of baptism (cf. Gk. bebaíōsis). Its beginnings may be traced to the laying on of hands (Acts 8:14–17; Heb. 6:2) and the receiving of the Holy Spirit which accompanied that act (e.g., Eph. 1:13; 4:30; but cf.
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Confirmation. In Sacramental theology, the rite whereby the grace of the Holy Spirit is conveyed in a new or fuller way to those who have already received it in some degree or fashion at *Baptism. Though the rite goes back to very early times, there have been wide differences as to its method of administration,
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
Confirmation/Admission to the Lord’s SupperJohn Calvin regarded confirmation as one of the five “bastard Sacraments” of the Roman Church. It has no institution in the Word of God and it is “a noted insult to baptism.” Martin Luther also regarded confirmation as “a human invention” and considered it
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Confirm, Confirmation
CONFIRM, CONFIRMATION — to establish, ratify, or strengthen a covenant. In the Bible the words are used of a vow or binding oath (Num. 30:13–14), a transaction of redeeming or exchanging (Ruth 4:7), a covenant or statute (Dan. 9:27; Gal. 3:15, 17), a person (Dan. 11:1), promises (Rom. 15:8), the testimony
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CONFIRM; CONFIRMATION<kon-furm>, <konfer-ma’-shun>: In the Old Testament represented by several Hebrew words, generally with reference to an increase of external strength, as “c. the feeble knees” (Isaiah 35:3); “c. the kingdom” (2 Kings 15:19); “c. inheritance” (Psalm 68:9). In the New
The Lutheran Cyclopedia
Confirmation. Confirmation in the Evangelical Church, however different its conception, is historically the outgrowth of the rite known by the same name in the Roman Catholic Church. Considered a continuation and development of the symbolical laying on of hands and anointing with chrism practised by
A Catholic Dictionary
confirmation. A sacrament of the new law by which grace is conferred on baptised persons which strengthens them for the profession of the Christian faith. It is conferred by the bishop, who lays his hands on the recipients, making the sign of the cross with chrism on their foreheads, while he pronounces
Compton’s Encyclopedia
confirmationThe religious rite of confirmation, administered to baptized persons in various Christian churches, confers the gift of the Holy Spirit among Roman Catholics and full church membership among many Protestant groups. Within Reform Judaism, confirmation parallels the Bar Mitzvah or Bat Mitzvah
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Confirmation.—A sacrament, instituted by our Lord Jesus Christ, which communicates to us the plenitude of the gifts of the Holy Ghost, renders us perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ, and gives us strength to confess the faith, even at the peril of our lives. This sacrament was conferred upon
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Con-fir-maʹtion, the strengthening and establishing the faith of believers by gospel ministrations (Acts 14:22; 15:32). The rite of confirmation, as practiced in some churches, has no scriptural warrant.