Command • Commandments
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
COMMANDMENT. The common translation of the Hebrew Bible’s miṣwâ and the NT entolē. All but 8 occurrences of the Bible’s miṣwâ are translated entolē in the LXX. In the Psalms (esp. Psalm 119, LXX), entolē is sometimes found as a translation of the Heb piqqūdı̂m. Modern English versions of the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Command; Commandment
Command; Commandment [mainly Heb. miṣwâ; Gk. entolḗ (see below)]. A prescription or direction, usually from God; often a reference to the Decalogue.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
commandment (Heb. mitswah), a verbal or written requirement or order. This term appears over 180 times in the Hebrew Bible; 90 percent of those references are to God’s requirements of Israel as stipulated in the Pentateuch. Such deity-to-human commandments are offered on an analogy to those of king to
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CommandmentA prescription or requirement, usually from God; most often a reference to God’s will as revealed in the laws of the Pentateuch.The Hebrew word for commandment (miṣwâ; pl. miṣwōṯ) is one of several synonyms for torah or “instruction.” In the Pentateuch the term is used, often in conjunction
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
CommandmentIn all four Gospels the unmistakable basis of the ethical teaching of Jesus is “the commandment” or “the commandments” of God*. In this respect, Jesus in the Gospels is no different from any other Jewish teacher.* The question for the student of the Gospels is, What did Jesus mean by
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
CommandmentsThis article will focus upon the word commandment or commandments (sing. entolē) in 1 and 2 John (see John, Letters of). A few texts in which the term is found elsewhere in Hebrews—Revelation and the apostolic fathers will also be noted. Texts in which a commandment from the OT law is cited
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Commandmentcommandment (Heb. mitzvah), a verbal or written requirement or order. This important term appears over a hundred and eighty times in the ot. Over ninety percent of these refer to God’s requirements of Israel as stipulated in the Pentateuch. The religious usage of ‘commandment’ may be tied
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
COMMANDMENT — a law, edict, or statute; specifically, one of the Ten Commandments given by God through Moses (Ex. 20:3–17; Deut. 5:7–21). Also see Commandment, New; Commandments, Ten.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
COMMANDMENT; COMMANDMENTS<ko-mand’-ment> ([מִצְוָה‎, mitswah]; [ἐντολή, entole]): The commandments are, first of all, prescriptions, or directions of God, concerning particular matters, which He wanted observed with reference to circumstances as they arose, in a period when He spake immediately and
Key passages
Mk 12:28–34

And one of the scribes came up and heard them debating. When he saw that he answered them well, he asked him, “Which commandment is the most important of all?” Jesus answered, “The most important is, ‘Listen, Israel! The Lord our God, the Lord is one. And you shall …

Jn 13:34

“A new commandment I give to you: that you love one another—just as I have loved you, that you also love one another.

Eph 2:15

invalidating the law of commandments in ordinances, in order that he might create the two in himself into one new man, thus making peace,

See also
Topics & Themes