The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Commander [Heb. śar, ḥōqeq (Jgs. 5:9), meḥōqēq (Jgs. 5:14), peḥâ (1 K. 20:24), šālîš (1 Ch. 11:11), nag̱îḏ (2 Ch. 28:7), tartān (Isa. 20:1), meṣawwēh (Isa. 55:4), sāg̱an (Jer. 51:23, 57; Ezk. 23:6, 12, 23), qāṣîn (Dnl. 11:18); Aram be‘ēl-ṭe‘ēm (Ezr. 4:8f, 17)]; AV also (CHIEF)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CHANCELLOR. The title of Rehum (Ezr 4:8, 9, 17) meaning literally “lord of judgment.” The term designates a Babylonian office, viz., that of the “master or lord of official intelligence,” or “postmaster” (Sayce).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CommanderA title of authority given to military, government, civic, and religious leaders. Heb. śar is translated in a variety of ways in the OT. It refers to the Egyptian princes of the pharaoh (Gen. 12:15), the captains of Moses’ military units (Num. 31:14), and men of honor or valor (Isa. 23:8).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Commander. A title of high rank (most often Heb. śar) given to army personnel. During the wilderness wanderings Moses divided Israel’s military force into units of thousands and hundreds (Num. 31:14, 52, 54; “captains” at v. 48; so usually KJV). After the Conquest, Saul (1 Sam. 8:12) and David
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
chancellor. In the C of E, the diocesan chancellor is the chief representative of the *bishop in the administration of the temporal affairs of his diocese; in the diocese of Canterbury he is known as the Commissary General. He is usually the sole president of the *Consistory Court (in Canterbury the
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
COMMANDER (Aram. b˓el-t˓ēm, “lord of judgment”). The title of the Persian governor of Samaria (Ezra 4:8–9, 17; “chancellor,” KJV; “commanding officer,” NIV).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CHANCELLOR<chan’-sel-er>: The rendering in Ezra 4:8, 9, 17 of the Hebrew בְּעֵל־טְעֵם‎ [bèel Tèem]; Septuagint [Βάαλ, Baal] (4:9), [Βαλγάμ, Balgam] (4:17), the latter being an incorrect translation of Hebrew `ayin. In 1 Esdras 2:16, 25, [Βεέλτεθμος, Beeltethmos] (compare Ezra 4:8)
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
CHILIARCH (χιλίαρχος).—The title of this military officer is twice used in the Gospels: Jn 18:12 and Mk 6:21 (AV ‘captain,’ ‘high captains’; RV ‘chief captain,’ ‘high captains’; RVm ‘military tribune(s), Gr. chiliarch(s)’). It is the Greek equivalent for the Roman office of tribunus militum, an office
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
chancellor. This term is used by the KJV to render the Aramaic phrase bĕʿēl-ṭĕʿēm (H10116 + H10302), which was the title of the Persian official Rehum (Ezra 4:8–9, 17 [NIV, “commanding officer”; NRSV, “royal deputy”]; see discussion in HALOT, 5:1837–38, s.v. טעם, sect. 4).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
CHANCELLOR, chanʹsel-ẽr: The rendering in Ezr 4:8, 9, 17 of the Heb בְּעֵל־טְעֵם‎, be‛ēl ṭe‛ēm; LXX Βάαλ, Báal (9), Βαλγάμ, Balgám (17), the latter being an incorrect tr of Heb ע. In 1 Esd 2:16, 25, Βεέλτεθμος, Beéltethmos (cf Ezr 4:8) occurs as a corruption, doubtless of בְּעֵל־טְעֵם‎, be‛ēl ṭe‛ēm.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
POLICE [ῥαβδοῦχος rhabdouchos, στρατηγός stratēgos, ὑπηρέτης hypēretēs]. 1. Lictors or constables who carried bundles of rods as the means for beating and punishing offenders, and who received their orders from the Roman magistrates. In Acts 16:22–23, 35–39, under the orders of the Roman magistrates,
See also