Coin • Ingot • Sigloi
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
COINAGE. Money is a medium of exchange used to acquire goods or services, and therefore serves as a measure of wealth or value. It may also be symbolic of sovereignty or a unit of accounting. Coins are minted metal authorized to function as money; they are culturally accepted media for exchange and designations
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Coinage: Greco-Roman
COINAGE: GRECO-ROMANThe contribution that ancient coins make to our understanding of the Greco-Roman world has been largely focused on their role in dating archaeological sites. Although coins have an invaluable contribution to make in terms of addressing such matters as historical dating, they also
Coinage: Jewish
COINAGE: JEWISHAncient coins produced by or for Jews have been studied since the Renaissance for insights into political, economic and religious history. Coins were introduced into biblical lands through trade with neighboring nations perhaps as early as the sixth century b.c. Coins were rare in Israel
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
CoinBefore the Exile the Jews had no regularly stamped money. They made use of uncoined shekels or talents of silver, which they weighed out (Gen. 23:16; Ex. 38:24; 2 Sam. 18:12). Probably the silver ingots used in the time of Abraham may have been of a fixed weight, which was in some way indicated
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
IngotA bar (or any other convenient form, such as a double-bitted axe; → Treasure: Canterbury) of purified metal. Most → gold ingots survive from the period of the late Roman Empire. One of the main groups has been found in Transylvania at Feldioara (Basov Province; plate 65) and Crasna (Covasna Province).
Key passages
Ex 30:13

This they will give, everyone who is counted, the half shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, which is twenty gerahs per shekel. The half shekel is a contribution for Yahweh.

Dt 22:19

Then they shall fine him a hundred shekels of silver, and they shall give them to the father of the young woman, for he defamed an Israelite young woman, and she shall become his wife; he will not be allowed to divorce her all his days.

1 Sa 9:8

The servant again answered Saul and said, “Look, I have in my hand a quarter shekel of silver! I will give it to the man of God so that he will tell us our way.”

Ps 119:72

The law of your mouth is better to me than thousands of gold and silver coins.

1 Mac 15:5–6

Now, therefore, I confirm to you all the tribute that the kings before me forgave you of and for as many other tributes they forgave you of, to mint your own currency of your region.

See also
Topics & Themes