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Coal
Charcoal • Coals
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Coal
Coal. Translation of several Hebrew or Greek words in the Bible referring primarily to charcoal (mineral coal is not found in Palestine). The glowing embers from a wood fire were used for heating (Is 47:14; Jn 18:18), cooking (Is 44:19; Jn 21:9), and by blacksmiths (Is 54:16). Coals from the altar were
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Coal
Coal [Heb. gaḥeleṯ]; NEB also EMBER; [peḥām] (Isa. 44:12; 54:16; Ps. 11:6 emended); AV also SNARE (Ps. 11:6, for MT paḥ); [reṣep̱] (Isa. 6:6); [Gk. ánthrax] (Rom. 12:20); CHARCOAL [Heb. peḥām (Prov. 26:21); Gk. anthrakiá (Jn. 18:18; 21:9)]; AV COALS; cf. NEB at Prov. 26:21, “Like bellows for
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Coal
COAL Translation of several Hebrew or Greek words in the Bible referring primarily to charcoal (mineral coal is not found in Palestine). The glowing embers from a wood fire were used for heating (Is 47:14; Jn 18:18), cooking (Is 44:19; Jn 21:9), and by blacksmiths (Is 54:16). Coals from the altar were
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Coals
COALS. This translates five different Heb. words in the OT and two different Gr. words in the NT. Although no mineral coal has been found in Palestine, wood was used to make a fire of coals such as is described in Jn 18:18; 21:9). The coal was actually charcoal made by subjecting wood to a smothering
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Coal
COAL. In the OT (MT) there are 5 Heb. words rendered ‘coal’. 1. gaḥekeṯ (e.g. Pr. 26:21) means burning, as opposed to unlit, fuel; it is metaphorically employed in 2 Sa. 14:7; 22:9, 13. 2. peḥām (e.g. Pr. 26:21; Is. 44:12) is used indifferently of unlit and burning fuel. 3. riṣpâ (e.g. Is. 6:6;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Coal
CoalWhile coal today is understood as a readily combustible rock primarily composed of carbonaceous material, such a mineral was not known in the biblical world. Rather, the “coal” (Heb. gaḥeleṯ, reṣep̱, peḥām; Gk. ánthrax) of the Bible was formed by placing wood, often the hard wood of the broom
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Coal
Coal. Among the Israelites coal—more likely charcoal than true mineral coal—was used for several purposes. (1) It was used for heating during the cold month of December, for example, in the royal palace (Jer. 36:22, “fire”). Coal provided heat for Peter and others in the court of Jesus’ trial during
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Coal; Charcoal
COAL; CHARCOAL There is no evidence that the coal mentioned in the Bible was of mineral origin. Anthracite, a form of hard coal, is found in some places in the Middle East in upper geological strata, but it is not known whether it was exploited. It seems that in Palestine in ancient times the reference
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Coal
Coal. The first and most frequent use of the word rendered coal is a live ember, burning fuel. Prov. 26:21. In 2 Sam. 22:9, 13, “coals of fire” are put metaphorically for the lightnings proceeding from God. Ps. 18:8, 12, 13; 140:10. In Prov. 26:21, fuel not yet lighted is clearly signified. The fuel
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Coal
COAL. Two Heb. words are rendered “coal” or “coals”:1. One (peḥām) would seem to be applied to coals not yet lighted. It occurs three times—twice when the smith working with the coals is mentioned (Isa. 44:12; 54:16), and in Proverbs (26:21, “as coals are to burning coals,” KJV; NASB and NIV render
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Coal
CoalIt is by no means certain that the Hebrews were acquainted with mineral coal, although it is found in Syria. Their common fuel was dried dung of animals and wood charcoal. Two different words are found in Hebrew to denote coal, both occurring in Prov. 26:21, “As coal [Heb. peham; i.e., “black coal”]
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Charcoal
CHARCOAL — a dark carbon substance usually prepared from wood by charring in a kiln (Prov. 26:21; coals, KJV; coal, REB). Charcoal was used for heating (Is. 47:14; John 18:18) and cooking (Is. 44:19; John 21:9) and by blacksmiths (Is. 44:12; 54:16).
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