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Cleodemus Malchus
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An ancient historical writer who combined biblical material with non-Jewish traditions. His work is often grouped with the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha since it is from the same period as the Pseudepigrapha and is probably by a Jewish author.Most of Cleodemus’ work has been lost. One passage was paraphrased by Alexander Polyhistor, and this fragment was in turn quoted and thus preserved by Josephus (Antiquities, 1.239–41). This passage of Josephus was also quoted by Eusebius of Caesarea, who spells some of the names in the passage differently (Eusebius, Preparation for the Gospel, 9.20.2–4).The surviving passage mixes biblical content with non-Jewish traditions; it claims that some of the descendants of Abraham and his wife Keturah (Gen 25:1–6) were companions of the Greek hero Heracles when he campaigned in “Libya” (which, in Cleodemas’ time, referred to the whole continent of Africa).The date of Cleodemus’ work is uncertain, but it must have been written before the middle of the first century bc when Alexander Polyhistor paraphrased it. Cleodemus wrote in Greek, but it is not clear that he was familiar with the Septuagint. Cleodemus was probably a Jew, but it is possible that he was a non-Jew familiar with Jewish material.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cleodemus Malchus
Cleodemus Malchus An ancient historical writer who combined biblical material with non-Jewish traditions. His work is often grouped with the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha since it is from the same period as the Pseudepigrapha and is probably by a Jewish author.Most of Cleodemus’ work has been lost. One
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Cleodemus Malchus
CLEODEMUS MALCHUS. A Jewish historian who lived prior to the mid-1st century b.c.e. A brief excerpt of his work is first quoted by the pagan author Alexander Polyhistor, possibly in his now lost book On Libya. The fragment is preserved in Josephus Ant 1.15.1 §§ 239–41, from which it is later quoted in
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
CLEODEMUS MALCHUS
CLEODE′MUS MALCHUS (Κλεόδημος Μάλχος), an historian of uncertain date. He wrote a history of the Jews, to which we find reference made by Alexander Polyhistor in a passage quoted from the latter by Josephus. (Ant. i. 15.) The name of Malchus is said to be of the same meaning in Syriac as that of Cleodemus
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
CLEODEMUS MALCHUS
CLEODEMUS MALCHUS klee-oh´duh-muhs mal´kus [Κλεόδημος Μαλχᾶς Kleodēmos Malchas]. A Jewish historian writing in Greek before the 1st cent. bce. The single surviving fragment from his work concerning the Jews is quoted by Alexander Polyhistor, Josephus (Ant. 239–41), and Eusebius (Praep. ev. 9, 20.2–4).