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Citizenship
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Ethnic identity with ties to a nation-state or city that could be imparted to an outsider of the community in certain circumstances. Indicates social and political status in the Hellenistic period. The New Testament writers used citizenship language in reference to the people of God.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Citizenship in the Ancient World
Citizenship in the Ancient World (בְנֵי‎, veney; עַם‎, am; רֵעַ‎, rea'; πολίτης, politēs). Ethnic identity with ties to a nation-state or city that could be imparted to an outsider of the community in certain circumstances. Indicates social and political status in the Hellenistic period. The New Testament
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Citizenship
CITIZENSHIP. Before the Hellenistic period citizenship did not have the rather technical political significance in the biblical world that it thereafter acquired. In the ANE citizenship amounted to little more than birth or residence in a particular place; such privileges as it conferred were confined
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Citizenship
Citizenship. In NT usage (1) designation of belonging to the city or city-state where one was born and reared, and (2) status of sharing in the privileges and responsibilities of the Roman empire. Thus the apostle Paul claimed to be a citizen of both Tarsus (Acts 21:39) and Rome (Acts 22:28).The right
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Citizenship
Citizenship [Gk. politeía] (Acts 22:28); AV FREEDOM. The “citizens of Shechem” in Jgs. 9 are citizens by virtue of their being landowners. The NT words come from Gk. pólis, “city,” and indicate variously the inhabitants of a country (Lk. 15:15), the subjects of a feudal lord (19:14), legal rights
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Citizenship
CITIZENSHIP In NT usage (1) designation of belonging to the city or city-state where one was born and reared, and (2) status of sharing in the privileges and responsibilities of the Roman Empire. Thus the apostle Paul claimed to be a citizen of both Tarsus (Acts 21:39) and Rome (22:27–28).The right
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Citizenship
CITIZENSHIP. Hebrew citizenship. Among the Jews in OT times the stress was on the membership of the Israelite in a religious organization, rather than on his relationship to the city or the state (Eph 2:12), “commonwealth of Israel”). Non-Israelites had the protection of the same law as the Israelites,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Citizenship
CitizenshipIn biblical usage, a term signifying the community where one is a member. Throughout the Bible, individuals are portrayed holding citizenship in three types of community. The first type is citizenship within a concrete geographic entity. In Acts 21:39 Paul declares his being a “citizen of
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Citizenship
Citizenship. The status granted to one who was an inhabitant of or who accorded allegiance to a Greek city-state or the Roman Empire. Roman citizenship could be obtained by birth, by emancipation from servitude, or through naturalization; the tribune of Acts 22:28 had purchased his citizenship (Gk.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Citizenship, Roman
Citizenship, roman and heavenlyRoman citizenship was a matter of considerable advantage for travel in the Mediterranean world of the first century. Paul’s Roman citizenship greatly enhanced his ministry. His acquaintance with the issues of citizenship allowed him to use it as a fitting metaphor for
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Citizenship, Roman
CITIZENSHIP, ROMANPossession of Roman citizenship in its various shades was one of the significant markers of personal identity. While increasingly more extensive grants of citizenship throughout the empire into the second century a.d. were perceived by some to have cheapened the value of the franchise
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Citizenship
Citizenship. The use of this term in Scripture has exclusive reference to the usages of the Roman empire. The privilege of Roman citizenship was originally acquired in various ways, as by purchase, Acts 22:28, by military services, by favor or by manumission. The right once obtained descended to a man’s
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Citizenship
CITIZENSHIP (Gk. politeia). The rights and privileges of a native or adopted citizen as distinguished from a foreigner.
Key passages
Ac 16:37–38

But Paul said to them, “They beat us in public without due process—men who are Roman citizens—and threw us into prison, and now they are wanting to release us secretly? Certainly not! Rather let them come themselves and bring us out!” So the police officers reported these words to the chief …

Ac 22:25–30

But when they had stretched him out for the lash, Paul said to the centurion standing there, “Is it permitted for you to flog a man who is a Roman citizen and uncondemned?” And when the centurion heard this, he went to the military tribune and reported it, saying, “What are you about to …

Ac 23:27

This man was seized by the Jews and was about to be killed by them when I came upon them with the detachment and rescued him, because I learned that he was a Roman citizen.