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Cistern
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A reservoir used to supplement an area’s water supply by collecting rainfall (Deut 6:11; 1 Sam 19:22; 2Kgs 18:31; 2 Chr 26:10; Neh 9:25; Isa 30:14; Jer 2:13; 14:3).The various storage systems in the ancient Near East depended upon the rainy season, which was October through April. In Jerusalem, only 25 inches of rain fell in an average year. Toward the end of summer, springs and wells were often reduced in size—or entirely dry. Cisterns and open reservoirs were then sometimes the only sources of water. Second Chronicles praises Uzziah because he “hewed many cisterns” (2 Chr 26:10).Cisterns are also referred to figuratively in the Old Testament:• In the book of Proverbs, a faithful spouse is described as a cistern (Prov 5:15).• Useless things in which Israel trusted, like idols or foreign nations, were “cracked cisterns” (e.g., Jer 2:13).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cistern
Cistern (בֹּאר‎, bor; בּוֹר‎, bor). A reservoir used to supplement an area’s water supply by collecting rainfall (Deut 6:11; 1 Sam 19:22; 2Kgs 18:31; 2 Chr 26:10; Neh 9:25; Isa 30:14; Jer 2:13; 14:3).The various storage systems in the ancient Near East depended upon the rainy season, which was October
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cistern
Cistern. Place to store water; a man-made catch basin or reservoir. Stone cisterns plastered with lime came into common use in Palestine in the 13th century bc.Leaky or abandoned cisterns were often used as burial, torture, or prison chambers. For example, the dungeon into which the prophet Jeremiah
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cistern
Cistern [Heb. bôr, bō’r, geḇe’, gēḇ]; AV, NEB, often PIT, DUNGEON, or WELL. Any of various artificial reservoirs for storing water.
Waterskin
Waterskin [Heb. nēḇel]; AV BOTTLE; NEB CISTERN. In Job 38:37 a common term for a container of liquids (see Jar) is applied to the clouds as sources of rain.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Cistern
CISTERN Place to store water; a man-made catch basin or reservoir. Stone cisterns plastered with lime came into common use in Palestine in the 13th century bc.Leaky or abandoned cisterns were often used as burial, torture, or prison chambers. For example, the dungeon into which the prophet Jeremiah
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cisterns
cisterns, underground chambers for storing water. In the dry climate of the Near East they were used to catch natural rain runoff during rainy seasons and retain it through the months of dry weather. Biblical references to cisterns include declaration of their ritual purity (Lev. 11:36) and mention of
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Cistern
Cistern and altar at the high place. PetraCISTERN. The Heb. word bôr means “pit, dungeon, sepulchre.”Usually cisterns were tanks hewn from the porous limestone rock, or pits artificially constructed, of varying dimensions with sides and bottom sealed by lime plaster, invented about 1200 b.c. Most
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Cistern
CISTERN (Heb. bôr or bō’r, from bā‘ar, ‘to dig or bore’), a subterranean reservoir for storing water which was collected from rainfall or from a spring. In contrast, the cylindrical well (be’ēr) received water from percolation through its walls. However, the term bôr is translated *‘well’ or *‘pit
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cistern
CisternSubterranean receptacles to collect and store the runoff water from seasonal rains. They are distinguished from open water storage facilities, which are more appropriately called pools or reservoirs, and from wells, which tap the water of underground aquifers.The typical bottle-shaped cistern
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Cistern
Cistern (Heb. bôr, bō˒r [Gen. 37:20–29; Jer. 2:13]). A reservoir for rainwater, commonly cut into a rock. Because streams in Palestine dry up during the summer and are not replenished for several months, it is imperative that the rainwater that falls between late October and the middle of May be
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Cistern
CISTERN An artificial reservoir designed to collect rainwater. Cisterns were carved or excavated out of the rock and lined with lime. There were also courtyard cisterns designed to capture the water falling from roofs. Palestinian cities required cisterns to supplement the water supply, as local resources
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Cistern
Cistern, a receptacle for water, either conducted from an external spring or proceeding from rain-fall. The dryness of the summer months and the scarcity of springs in Judea made cisterns a necessity, and they are frequent throughout the whole of Syria and Palestine. On the long-forgotten way from Jericho
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Cistern
CISTERN (Heb. b˒ōr, or bôr, “a dug place”). A receptacle for holding water (Prov. 5:15; Eccles. 12:6; Isa. 36:16; Jer. 2:13). Sometimes these were dug around a spring to retain the water coming from it. Those that generally bore the name of cisterns were covered reservoirs dug out of the earth or rock,
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