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Churl
Refuser of Festivities
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Churl
Churl [Heb. kîlay, kēlay] (Isa. 32:5, 7, AV); CHURLISH [Heb. qāšeh]; NEB SURLY. The term “churl,” rendered “knave” by the RSV and “villain” by the NEB, is an obsolete term for Knave. Among the Anglo-Saxons the churl was regarded as the lowest order of freemen. In 1 S. 25:3 “churlish,” meaning “hard”
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Churl
CHURL. The word occurs only in Isa 32:5, 7. It probably means “avaricious” or “fraudulent.” The RSV translates the term as “knave.” The term “miserly” also fits the context very well.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Churl
CHURL (Heb. kı̂lay, “withholding,” Isa. 32:5, 7). A fraudulent person, a deceiver. The NIV renders “scoundrel.”
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Churl
Churlin Isa. 32:5 (R.V. marg., “crafty”), means a deceiver. In 1 Sam. 25:3, the word churlish denotes a man that is coarse and ill-natured, or, as the word literally means, “hard.” The same Greek word as used by the LXX. here is found in Matt. 25:24, and there is rendered “hard.”
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Refuser of Festivities
Refuser of FestivitiesA refuser of festivities (sometimes also called the churl) is one who, motivated by personal interests, chooses not to participate in joyful activities of the community. In literature generally, the refuser of festivities is a comic type, the butt of laughter as he or she is excluded
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CHURL
CHURL<churl> (כִּילַי‎ [kilay] or כֵּלַי‎ [kelay]): The Hebrew word occurs only in Isaiah 32:5, 7, in the latter verse in a form slightly modified so as to produce a pleasing assonance with the word immediately following. The word probably means “crafty” or “miserly,” both ideas being suitable
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Churl
Churl. The Hebrew word thus rendered in Isa. 32:5, 7 means a deceiver. In 1 Sam. 25:3 churlish is the representative of a different Hebrew word, descriptive of one who is rough, coarse, ill-natured.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Churl
CHURL, chûrl (כִּילַי or כֵּלַי‎, kīlay or kēlay): The Heb word occurs only in Isa 32:5, 7, in the latter ver in a form slightly modified so as to produce a pleasing assonance with the word immediately following. The word probably means “crafty” or “miserly,” both ideas being suitable to the context,