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Church at Smyrna
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Ancient city on the west coast of Asia Minor, situated at the head of the gulf into which the Hermus River flows. Smyrna was located 40 miles north of Ephesus on the border between Aeolis to the north and Ionia to the south (Yamauchi, New Testament, 55). The site of ancient Smyrna is the present-day Turkish city of Izmir.Smyrna is one of the seven cities addressed in Revelation (Rev 1:4; 2:8). It was one of the seven postal districts—situated on a circular route—that made up the most crucial part of the Roman province of Asia (Ford, Revelation, 382). Paul or one of his companions may have introduced Christianity to Smyrna (see Acts 19:9–10, 26).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Smyrna
Smyrna (Σμύρνα, Smyrna). Ancient city on the west coast of Asia Minor, situated at the head of the gulf into which the Hermus River flows. Smyrna was located 40 miles north of Ephesus on the border between Aeolis to the north and Ionia to the south (Yamauchi, New Testament, 55). The site of ancient Smyrna
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Smyrna (Place)
SMYRNA (PLACE) [Gk Smyrna (Σμυρνα)]. A city (modern Izmir; 38°25´ N; 27°09´ E), which lies at the foot of Mt. Pagros, at the mouth of the Melas river on the S shore of the gulf of Izmir. It was the recipient of one of the addresses of the book of Revelation (1:11; 2:8–11). The area in which the city
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Smyrna
Smyrna. One of the seven churches of the Book of Revelation (Rv 1:11; 2:8–11). It is the modern Izmir, located in Turkey.Smyrna was inhabited at least 3000 years before Christ. The Aeolian Greeks were replaced by the Ionians. The city, along with Miletus and Ephesus to the south, flourished under Ionian
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Smyrna
Smyrna smerʹnə [Gk. Smyrna—etymology unknown] (Rev. 1:11; 2:8). A port city of 1/2 million people on the southern tip of one of the most sheltered inlets of the South Aegean; modern İzmir in Turkey. Excavations by Ankara University have shown that the primitive site was 13 km (8 mi) NE across the Kemer
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Smyrna
SMYRNA Location of one of the seven churches mentioned in the book of Revelation (Rv 1:11; 2:8–11). It is the modern Izmir, located in Turkey.Smyrna was inhabited at least 3,000 years before Christ. The Aeolian Greeks were replaced by the Ionians. The city, along with Miletus and Ephesus to the south,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Smyrna
Smyrna (smuhr´nuh), an ancient city (modern Izmir, Turkey) on the west coast of Asia Minor. It is one of the seven cities mentioned in the book of Revelation (1:11). It lay at the end of a major east-west road, possessed an excellent harbor, and was surrounded by rich farmland. The city’s leadership
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Smyrna
SMYRNA. One of the seven cities that John addressed (Rev 2:8–11), Smyrna was located on the same site as the modern city of Izmir, Turkey, at the SE edge of the Gulf of Smyrna. The city curved around the edge of the bay at the base of the 525-foot Mount Pagus, its splendid acropolis. Its streets were
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Smyrna
SMYRNA. A city in the Roman province of Asia, on the Aegean shore of what is now Asiatic Turkey. There was a Gk. colony near by from very early times, but it was captured and destroyed by the Lydians about the end of the 7th century bc and virtually ceased to exist until it was refounded on its present
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Smyrna
Smyrna (Gk. Smýrna)A city (modern Izmir) located at the terminus of inland trade routes that followed the Hermus (Gediz) and Maeander valleys out of the east. From its sheltered harbor in the southern Aegean, trade made its way west to the Greek mainland. A Greek colony dominated the area as early
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Smyrna
Smyrna [smûrˊnə] (Gk. Smyrna). An important city, modern Izmir, on a bay immediately south of the Hermus river (the modern Gediz) on the western coast of Asia Minor. Colonized by Aeolian Greeks at the northwest edge of the plain that extends some 14 km. (9 mi.) inland, the city soon came under Ionian
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Smyrna
SMYRNA A city in Asia Minor, on the Aegean Sea at the mouth of the Melas River; the modern name is Izmir. One of the most ancient places colonized by the Greeks, it was captured and destroyed by the Lydians toward the end of the seventh century b.c. In the early third century b.c., the city was refounded
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Smyrna
Smyrna. One of the principal cities of Roman Asia, now Izmir on the W. coast of Turkey. The Christian community there was one of the ‘*Seven Churches’ addressed in Rev. (2:8–11); it was warned of coming persecution and of hostility from the Jewish community, which was numerous in this mercantile port.
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