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Christ
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or “Joshua”). In Matthew 1:21 the name was divinely appointed, “for He will save His people from their sins.” Since the name was common in His lifetime, He was usually referred to in a more specific way, such as “Jesus of Nazareth” (John 1:26; Schaeder, “Nazarēnos, Nazōraios,” 874–79). “Christ,” the anointed one, is a title that acknowledged that He was the expected Messiah of Israel. In the Gospels, Jesus is usually identified as “the Christ.” After Peter’s sermon at Pentecost in Acts 2:38, He was usually referred to as “Jesus Christ.” This composite name joins the historic figure with the messianic role that prophetic expectation and early Christianity knew that He possessed.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Christ
CHRIST. The word entered English from Lat Christus, which transliterates Gk christos. Outside the LXX, NT, and early Jewish and Christian writings, christos is an adjective meaning “rubbed on” or “used as an ointment or salve.” It modifies the word indicating the substance so applied, as in the expression
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Christ
Christ. Official title given to Jesus in the NT. It signifies his office as anointed Savior and alludes to his spiritual qualifications for the task of saving his people. The word derives from Greek Christos, which translates Hebrew Messiah (Jn 1:41). Both terms come from verbs meaning “to anoint with
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Christ
CHRIST Official title given to Jesus in the NT. It signifies his office as anointed Savior and alludes to his spiritual qualifications for the task of saving his people. The word derives from Greek Christos, which translates Hebrew Messiah (Jn 1:41). Both terms come from verbs meaning “to anoint with
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Christ, Deity of
CHRIST, DEITY OF. Jesus Christ is the son of God and very God of very God. He is of the same substance with the Father and the Holy Spirit, and equal in power and glory (see God-head). Everything, therefore, that can be said of the Father and of the Holy Sprit can be said of the Son. He is the Creator
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Christ
ChristGk. Christós, lit., “the Anointed One,” a translation of Heb. /Aram. “the Messiah.” The term is related to the verb “to anoint, to smear.” As with its Hebrew counterpart, “Christ” can be used adjectivally (“the anointed priest”; e.g., Lev. 4:5, 16) but is most common as a noun. As a title, “the
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Christ
Christ (Gk. Christos). “Christ” is the New Testament designation of Old Testament “Messiah” (Heb. māšîaḥ “anointed”). Frequently the RSV (like the NIV and JB; KJV less often) renders Gk. ho Christos of the Gospels as “the Christ,” meaning that Jesus is the only true Christ (e.g., John
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Christ
CHRIST χριστὀςI. The masculine form of the adjective χριστὀς is only found in the LXX, in a few early Jewish documents and in the writings of the NT. In the LXX the term is used in connection with kings, priests and prophets (the Hebrew equivalent is māšîaḥ), in Pss. Sol. 17:32; 18 superscr.,
Jesus
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Christ
ChristThe Greek word translated “christ” (christos) appears 531 times in the NT (Nestle-Aland 26th ed.), and “Christ” is one of the most familiar terms by which Jesus is known, both in the NT and in subsequent Christian tradition. All the canonical Gospels (see Canon) apply the term to Jesus, but
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Christ
ChristPaul’s extraordinarily frequent use of the term Christos calls for explanation. Paul often used the term as a virtual second name for Jesus, or as a way of distinguishing this particular Jesus from others. Various texts also show that Paul was well aware of the larger significance of the term
Jesus
Jesus and paulThe relationship between Jesus and Paul poses a historical question with huge theological ramifications. Is Paul’s theology in harmony and continuity with the teaching and ministry of Jesus, or is there an unbridgeable gulf between them? It is generally held that, if it is to merit the
See also
Topics & Themes
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