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Chreia
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A pithy saying or action that makes a useful point, is attributed to some character, and is set in a concise narrative framework (Hock and O’Neil, Progymnasmata, 23–26; Robbins, “The Chreia,” 1–4; Watson, “Rhetorical Criticism,” 171; Mack, “Anecdotes,” 4; Butts, “The Chreia,” 132–33). Translation of the Greek term “χρεία (chreia)” and the Latin term “chria” is difficult due to the high degree to which chreiai overlap with other rhetorical categories. As such, the term is often simply transliterated.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Chreia
Chreia (χρεία, chreia). A pithy saying or action that makes a useful point, is attributed to some character, and is set in a concise narrative framework (Hock and O’Neil, Progymnasmata, 23–26; Robbins, “The Chreia,” 1–4; Watson, “Rhetorical Criticism,” 171; Mack, “Anecdotes,” 4; Butts, “The Chreia,”
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Chreia
CHREIA [Gk Chreia (Χρεια)]. Isocrates used to say that the root of education is bitter, but its fruits sweet (Aphthonius in Hock and O’Neil 1986: 224). Diogenes, on being asked why people give to beggars but not to philosophers, said, “Because they think that they might become lame or blind, but they
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Chreia/Aphorism
Chreia/aphorismA chreia (pl. chreiai) is “a saying or act that is well-aimed or apt, expressed concisely, attributed to a person, and regarded as useful for living” (Hock-O’Neil, 26). Chreiai originated in the Socratic and Cynic philosophical circles (fourth century B.C.) to express the wit of philosophers,
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Chreia
chreia kray′uh (from Gk. χρεία G5970, “use, advantage, necessity”). In Greco-Roman rhetoric, a popular literary form consisting of a practical, useful saying attributed to a well-known figure. The term is sometimes used in form criticism to describe a number of Jesus’ sayings in the Gospels.
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, Second Edition
Chreia
CHREIA/APHORISMScholars have long recognized the presence of aphorisms, or short, pithy sayings of Jesus, in the Gospels. However, the Hellenistic chreia, or brief anecdote conveying an action or saying, has more recently been employed as a means for analyzing the Jesus tradition.1. Greco-Roman Background
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
CHREIA
CHREIA kray´uh. A unit of writing in school exercises that contains a statement or action that is attributed to a person. Chreia is used to develop the ability to structure material according to common types of argumentation, such as sayings, cause, converse, analogy, example, and the testimony of the