Planes [Heb. maqṣuʿôṯ] (Isa. 44:13). Carpenter’s tools for scraping, planing, or removing wood, mentioned only here, in connection with the fashioning of an idol. (The NEB renders this noun verbally, “he planes the wood.”) The verbal root (qṣʿ, “scrape”) is used at least once, in Lev. 14:41, where
CHISEL. A carpenter’s tool used in the making of a wooden idol (Isa 44:13, JerusB). The Heb. term maqṣu˓ôth is probably better translated “chisels” instead of “planes” (KJV, RSV, etc.). In Isaiah’s time the more primitive chisel and adz still were used in place of the plane.
plane. This English term, referring to a carpenter’s tool used for smoothing or carving wood, is used by the KJV and other versions to render Hebrew maqṣuʿâH5244, which occurs only once (Isa. 44:13; NIV, “chisels”).
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
PLANE [מַקְצוּעָה maqtsuʿah]. A carpenter fashioning an idol uses a plane to smooth the surface and prepare it for carving and finishing (Isa 44:13). The prophet considers the skill associated with this task to be wasted on its product. SeeTOOLS.