The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
chiasm (from χιασμός, “crosswise arrangement,” from the shape of the letter χ, chi). Also chiasmus. A literary device whereby words or ideas are repeated in inverted order, so that, for example, the first clause corresponds with the fourth, and the second with the third. (Cf. J. W. Welch and D. B. McKinlay,
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings
CHIASMA sequence of components repeated in inverted order is known as a chiasm (named for the crossover pattern of the Greek letter chi: X). Repetition may occur at the level of phonemes (similar sounds), lexemes (whether identical or synonymous words), grammatically equivalent components (e.g., subject,
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
CHIASM ki´az´uhm. Also called chiasmus, a Latin transliteration of the Greek chiasma (χιασμα) referring to the Greek letter Χ (chi). Chiasm is the repetition of the same elements in inverted order: a-b-b´-a´; or if a middle element is present: a-b-c-b´-a´. Chiastic arrangement, conceived graphically,