Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A word sometimes translated as “idolatrous priests” (2 Kgs 23:5; Hos 10:5; Zeph 1:4).The word, which is of Aramaic origin, is used unfavorably in the Old Testament to describe the idolatrous priests of the high places in Israel.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Chemarims kem̀ə-rims. This word appears once in the AV, in Zeph 1:4; however, the Hebrew term kemārîm (priests) also occurs in 2 K. 23:5 (AV “idolatrous priests”) and Hos. 10:5 (AV “priests”). The RSV consistently translates the term “idolatrous priests,” while the NEB has “heathen priests” or “priestlings.”
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CHEMARIM. A word of Aramaic origin meaning “priest.” The RSV translates this plural form as “idolatrous priests.” The KJV transliterates the term “chemarims” in Zeph 1:4, but as “idolatrous priests” in 2 Kgs 23:5 and “priests” in Hos 10:5. All three passages show these priests involved in false worship.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
CHEM´ARIM (keʹmā-rim; “servants”?). A KJV term appearing in Zeph. 1:4 to refer to “idolatrous priests” (so NASB and NIV). The Heb. word is found elsewhere (2 Kings 23:5; Hos. 10:5), with the NASB rendering “idolatrous priests,” and the NIV “pagan priests.” The term refers to the priests appointed by
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Chemarim—black, (Zeph. 1:4; rendered “idolatrous priests” in 2 Kings 23:5, and “priests” in Hos. 10:5). Some derive this word from the Assyrian Kamaru, meaning “to throw down,” and interpret it as describing the idolatrous priests who prostrate themselves before the idols. Others regard it as meaning
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CHEMARIM [KEM uh rim] — the KJV transliteration of the Hebrew word kemarim (Zeph. 1:4; idolatrous priests, NRSV, NKJV, NIV, NASB; heathen priests, REB). The word also refers to the idolatrous priests (2 Kin. 23:5, NKJV) appointed by the kings of Judah for the worship at the high places, and to the priests
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CHEMARIM<kem’-a-rim> (כְּמָרִים [kemarim], a plural whose singular komer is not found in the Old Testament): Occurs only once in the text of English Versions of the Bible (Zeph 1:4, the King James Version Chemarims), though the Hebrew word is found also in 2 Kings 23:5 (English Versions “idolatrous
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Chemʹarims, The. This word, transferred from the Hebrew into our English Version, occurs but once in the English Old Testament (Zeph. 1:4). In 2 Kings 23:5 the word is rendered “idolatrous priests,” and in Hos. 10:5, “priests.” In Hebrew usage it is restricted to the priests of a false worship, and in