Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A lightweight, two-wheeled, horse-drawn cart used for transportation and, in war, as a mobile archery firing platform, commonly used in ancient Near Eastern warfare from around the 18th century bc to the first century ad.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Wheel. Device originating in the region of Mesopotamia, probably dating from about 3500 bc. The earliest known form is the two-wheeled cart of Sumer. The first wheels were probably just discs cut from trees, but later wheels were made by clamping three shaped planks together by copper clamps extending
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
WHEEL Device originating in the region of Mesopotamia, probably dating from about 3500 bc. The earliest known form is the two-wheeled cart of Sumer. The first wheels were probably just discs cut from trees, but later wheels were made by clamping three shaped planks together by copper clamps extending
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
chariots, vehicles of various types with two wheels normally drawn by two horses. Horse-drawn chariots were introduced into Canaan by the Hyksos (ca. 1800–1600 bce), who were major innovators in the technology of warfare. Chariots in Egypt and early Assyria were characteristically operated by two soldiers,
wheels. Early representations of wheels show them to be solid and anchored to the axle so that the whole combination would turn beneath the bed of the vehicle (third millennium bce). Subsequent developments freed the wheel to turn on the axle, designed spoked wheels with rims for lighter weight and maneuverability,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
State chariot of King Tutankhamon of Egypt. LLCHARIOT. The common Heb. words for chariot, rekeb and merkāb, probably come from a root meaning “to mount and ride.” Heavy-wheeled vehicles drawn by asses are attested in Mesopotamia as early as the end of the 4th mil. and throughout the 3rd mil., as
FELLOES. The English word means the rims of wheels supported by spokes. In 1 Kgs 7:33 these are parts of the wheels of the stands for the bronze basins or lavers in the court of Solomon’s temple. The KJV so translated ḥishshuquɩ̂m, which more accurately means the spokes, whereas the KJV word “naves”
The walls of the Old City of Jerusalem with the blocked up Golden Gate date to the sixteenth century. MISWAGON. The translation of several words in Heb. and Gr. The one most frequently used is ˓ăgālâ (from gll, “roll”), “cart” or “wagon”—the distinction between a two-wheeled vehicle for lighter
WHEEL. Wheels were invented by the Sumerians in Mesopotamia before 3000 b.c. Cart wheels were first made of solid, semi-circular halves of wood fastened together with planks and sometimes rimmed with metal (ANEP. 163), later consisting of spokes, hub, and rim. Most references are probably to the spoked
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
WHEEL. The earliest attested wheels (Heb. galgal, ’ôp̱ān) are clay models of chariot wheels and fragments of a potter’s wheel (cf. Je. 18:3, Heb. ’oḇnayim) of the 4th millennium bc (see C. L. Woolley, Ur Excavations, 4, 1956, p. 28, plate 24). Early wheels were made from wooden planks pegged together,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
ChariotA wheeled vehicle that served a variety of functions over a long history, including ordinary transportation, hunting, royal and religious processions, and warfare. Its design was altered and improved through the centuries. By the time that chariot races were held in major cities of the Roman
WheelThe chariot wheels (Heb. ʾôp̱an) described in the Bible are of a fully developed form made from cast axles, rims, spokes, and hubs (1 Kgs. 7:33). Other types also existed, and archaeological evidence shows a degree of experimentation in Near Eastern countries indicating a local development from
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Chariot (Heb. reḵeḇ, merkāḇâ; Gk. hárma).† A two-wheeled vehicle, drawn by two or more horses, asses, or oxen, and used primarily for transportation in war.Use of the chariot is first attested in the Diyala river region of Mesopotamia ca. 3000 B.C. It was more than one thousand years later
Wheel (Heb. ˒ôp̱an, galgal). A circular object or disk capable of turning on an axis at its center. Early wheels were wooden and attached firmly to the axle, but in time lighter, spoked wheels were developed that turned on the axle. In the Bible wheels are mentioned in connection with carts (Isa.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
CHARIOT The horse-drawn chariot was first introduced into the Near East by the Hyksos around 1700 b.c. It made a considerable impression on the peoples of Egypt, Canaan, Mesopotamia, and Syria: the chariot was adopted almost immediately as a weapon of war, although its use was limited to the aristocracy
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Chariot, a vehicle used either for warlike or peaceful purposes, but most commonly the former. The Jewish chariots were patterned after the Egyptian, and consisted of a single pair of wheels on an axle, upon which was a car with high front and sides, but open at the back. The earliest mention of chariots
Wagon. The Oriental wagon, or arabah, is a vehicle composed of two or three planks fixed on two solid circular blocks of wood, from two to five feet in diameter, which serve as wheels. For the conveyance of passengers, mattresses or clothes are laid in the bottom, and the vehicle is drawn by buffaloes