Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An Ammonite leader who fought against Judas Maccabeus and secured the fortress of Gazara (or “Jazer”). Chaereas and his brother Timotheus were captured and killed by Judas Maccabeus at Gazara (2 Macc 10:32–37).
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The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
CHAEREAS (PERSON) [Gk Chaireas (Χαιρεας)]. Commander of the city of Gazara, brother of Timotheus (2 Macc 10:32, 37). It is reported that Chaereas was killed with Timotheus and Apollophanes when Judas Maccabeus burned Gazara (2 Macc 10:32–38). This would suggest that Timotheus attacked Judea and then
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Chaereas kihr′ee-uhs (Χαιρέας). An Ammonite commander stationed in Gazara (Gezer); he and his brother Timothy were defeated and killed by Judas Maccabee (2 Macc. 10:32–38; KJV, “Chereas”). The name Gazara may be a corruption for Jazer (cf. 1 Macc. 5:6–8; Jos. Ant. 12.8.1 §329; J. A. Goldstein, II Maccabees,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
CHAEREAS, kē′rē̇-as (Χαιρέας, Chairéas; AV Chereas): Brother of Timotheus, the Ammonite leader against Judas Maccabaeus (1 Macc 5:6). He held the fortress of Gazara (the “Jazer” of 1 Macc 5:8) to which Timotheus fled from Judas. The latter pursued him and captured the fortress after a vigorous siege.
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture